Rohmatillah Rohmatillah


The objectives of the research entitled “A Study on Students’ Difficulties in Learning Vocabulary” were to find out kinds and factors of students’ difficulties in learning vocabulary.  The subject of this study was the students of the first semester of English Education Department at IAIN who took vocabulary class. This study employed a qualitative research design, implementing characteristics of a case study. For gaining the data, the researcher used interview and questionnaire. All the data were analyzed descriptively. The findings showed that the students still faced the problems or difficulties in vocabulary learning. Kinds of difficulties faced by students in vocabulary learning were various. Kinds of difficulties faced by the students were (1) almost all of the students have difficulties in pronouncing the words, (2) how to write and spell, (3) the different grammatical form of a word known as inflections was one of causes of students difficulties in learning vocabulary. In addition, (4) the students found difficulties in choosing the appropriate meaning of the words and (5) also still confuse in using the word based on the context. The last, (6) the students were also still confuse when they found words or expression that were idiomatic. There were some factors that caused students’ difficulties in learning vocabulary (1) the written form is different from the spoken form in English, (2) The number of words that students need to learn is exceedingly large, (3) the limitations of sources of information about words, (4) The complexity of word knowledge. Knowing a words involves much more than knowing its dictionary definition, (5) causes of lack of understanding of grammatical of the words, (6) the incorrect pronunciation is often caused by the lack of sound similarity between English and the students’ native language.

Full Text:



Brown, H Douglas. 2001. Teaching by Principle. New York: Longman

Gairns, Ruth and Redman, Stuart. 1986. Working with Words. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Grauberg, Walter. 1997. The Elements of Foreign Language Teaching. Languages in Practice Vol 7. UK: Multilingual Maters.

Gower, Roger et al. 1995. Teaching Practice Handbook. Oxford: Heinemann.

Haryanto, Tony. (2007). Grammatical Error Analysis in Students’ Recount Text. The Case of the Twelth Year Students of SMA N 1 Siawi, Tegal in the academic Year of 2006/2007 English Department Faculty of Languages and Arts. Semarang state University. Retrieved on January 1, 2015 at http://digilib.unnes.ic.id

Hatch, Evelyn and Brown, Cheryl. 1995. Vocabulary, Semantics, and Language Education. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Heibert, Elfrieda H and Kamil, Michael L.1995. Teaching and Learning Vocabulary

Nation, ISP. 2000. Learning Vocabulary in Another Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Renandya, W.A.,& Richards, J.C. (2002). Methodology in Language Teaching. New York : Cambridge University Press.

Schmitt, Norbert and Mc Carthy. 1997. Vocabulary, Description, Acquisition and Pedagogy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Snow, John; Burns, Michael; & Griffin, Alex. 1998. Teaching and Learning Vocabulary: Bringing Research to Practice. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publisher

Thornbury, Scott. 2002. How to Teach Vocabulary. London: Longman

Tozcu, A and J. Coady. 2004. Succesful Learning of Frequent Vocabulary through CALL also Benefits Reading Comprehension and Speed. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com.

Tuckman, Bruce W. 1988. Conducting Educational Research. Florida: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publisher

Ur, Penny. 1996. A Course in Language Teaching, Practice and Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Varasarin, Patchara. 2007. An Action Research Study of Pronunciation Training, Language Learning Strategies and Speaking Confidence. School of Education Faculty of Arts, Education and Human Development Victoria University. Retrieved on January 1, 2015 at eprint.vu.edu.au/1437/1/Vasarin.pdf.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24042/ee-jtbi.v6i1.520

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 24036 | PDF downloads : 9558

Copyright (c) 2017 English Education: Jurnal Tadris Bahasa Inggris

Creative Commons License

English Education: Jurnal Tadris Bahasa Inggris is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. pISSN: 2083-6003, eISSN: 2580-1449EnglishEducation Stats. Copyright © UIN Raden Intan Lampung.