Development and Application of Creative Problem Solving in Mathematics and Science: A Literature Review

Widya Widya, Yeni Nurpatri, Ena Suma Indrawati, Khairul Ikhwan


The purpose of this study is to review the development and application of creative problem solving learning model especially in the last 1 decades. Research method used in this study was literature review. We collected  more than 20 references related to the history, development, and application of the CPS model.  Data collection technique used was through literature study. The results of this study obtained some types of CPS models such as CPS version Treffinger, CPS version Osborn, and CPS published by Creative Education Foundation. The CPS model proposed by the Creative Education Foundation is the latest and best model because it was developed to improve the previous CPS model. Each CPS Model has different steps with some similar goals. CPS is applied at several levels of education for learning Natural Sciences and Mathematics. CPS has a significant influence on the achievement of cognitive competence and problem solving skills


Application; CPS; development; literature; review

Full Text:



Widya, R. Rifandi, and Y. Laila Rahmi, “STEM education to fulfil the 21 st century demand: a literature review,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., vol. 1317, p. 012208, Oct. 2019, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1317/1/012208.

W. Widya, E. S. Indrawati, and D. E. Mulyani, “Preliminary analysis of learning materials development based on creative solving model integrated by anticorruption characters,” Proceeding ASEAN Youth Conference, Oct. 2019, Accessed: May 03, 2020. [Online]. Available:

K. Soh, “Fostering student creativity through teacher behaviors,” Thinking Skills and Creativity, vol. 23, pp. 58–66, Mar. 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.tsc.2016.11.002.

S. G. Isaksen, G. J. Puccio, and D. J. Treffinger, “An Ecological Approach to Creativity Research: Profiling for Creative Problem Solving,” The Journal of Creative Behavior, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 149–170, 1993, doi: 10.1002/j.2162-6057.1993.tb00704.x.

S. M. Wechsler et al., “Creative and critical thinking: Independent or overlapping components?,” Thinking Skills and Creativity, vol. 27, pp. 114–122, Mar. 2018, doi: 10.1016/j.tsc.2017.12.003.

C. R. Aldous, “Creativity, problem solving and innovative science: Insights from history, cognitive psychology and neuroscience,” p. 12.

“A Creative Problem Solving Process* - CACKOWSKI - 1969 - The Journal of Creative Behavior - Wiley Online Library.” (accessed Apr. 10, 2020).

D. J. Treffinger, E. C. Selby, and S. G. Isaksen, “Understanding Individual Problem-Solving Style: A Key to Learning and Applying Creative Problem Solving,” Learning and Individual Differences, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 390–401, 2008, doi: 10.1016/j.lindif.2007.11.007.

“The challenge of transformative learning: mining practice stories to study collaboration and dispute resolution strategies : The Challenges of Collaboration in Environmental Governance.” (accessed May 03, 2020).

A. Guevara, “Creative Problem Solving-Mitchell & Kowalik,” Accessed: Aug. 21, 2018. [Online]. Available:

Creative Education Foundation., Creative Problem Solving Resource Guide. Creative Education Foundation., 2014.

“Creative Problem Solving: Overview and educational implications | SpringerLink.” (accessed Apr. 10, 2020).

“The Process of Solving Complex Problems by Andreas Fischer, Samuel Greiff, Joachim Funke :: SSRN.” (accessed May 03, 2020).

“Creative Problem Solving: The History, Development, and Implications for Gifted Education and Talent Development - Donald J. Treffinger, Scott G. Isaksen, 2005.” (accessed Apr. 10, 2020).

H. Kashefi, Z. Ismail, and Y. M. Yusof, “Supporting Engineering Students’ Thinking and Creative Problem Solving through Blended Learning,” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 56, pp. 117–125, Oct. 2012, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.09.638.

W. Widya, H. Hamdi, and A. Fauzi, “Kualitas perangkat pembelajaran fisika berbasis model creative problem solving dengan pendekatan open-ended pada materi usaha dan energi terintegrasi energi biomassa,” Gravity : Jurnal Ilmiah Penelitian dan Pembelajaran Fisika, vol. 3, no. 2, Jul. 2017, Accessed: Aug. 29, 2018. [Online]. Available:

M. Masrukan, A. J. Parotua, and I. Junaedi, “The ability of mathematical creative thinking viewed from student learning interest of class VIII in learning CPS contextual approach,” Unnes Journal of Mathematics Education, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 58–64, Mar. 2019, doi: 10.15294/ujme.v8i1.24745.

E. Triandini, S. Jayanatha, A. Indrawan, G. W. Putra, and B. Iswara, “Metode Systematic Literature Review untuk Identifikasi Platform dan Metode Pengembangan Sistem Informasi di Indonesia,” Indonesian Journal of Information Systems, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 63-77–77, Feb. 2019, doi: 10.24002/ijis.v1i2.1916.

D. J. Treffinger, S. G. Isaksen, and K. B. Stead-Dorval, Creative Problem Solving: An Introduction. Prufrock Press Inc., 2005.

S. G. Isaksen, K. B. Dorval, and D. J. Treffinger, Creative Approaches to Problem Solving: A Framework for Innovation and Change. SAGE Publications, 2010.

A. Hajiyakhchali, “The Effects of Creative Problem Solving Process Training on Academic Well-being of Shahid Chamran University Students,” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol. 84, pp. 549–552, Jul. 2013, doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.06.602.

“The effect of creative problem solving on students’ mathematical adaptive reasoning - IOPscience.” (accessed Apr. 10, 2020).

R. Hu, S. Xiaohui, and C.-J. Shieh, “A Study on the Application of Creative Problem Solving Teaching to Statistics Teaching,” EURASIA J MATH SCI T, vol. 13, no. 7, Jun. 2017, doi: 10.12973/eurasia.2017.00708a.

R. A. Hargrove and J. L. Nietfeld, “The Impact of Metacognitive Instruction on Creative Problem Solving,” The Journal of Experimental Education, vol. 83, no. 3, pp. 291–318, Jul. 2015, doi: 10.1080/00220973.2013.876604.

W. Widya, E. S. Indrawati, D. E. Muliani, and M. Ridhatullah, “Design of Integrated Science Learning Materials Based on Creative Problem Solving Model Integrated with Anti-Corruption Characters,” Kasuari: Physics Education Journal (KPEJ), vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 62–69, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.37891/kpej.v2i2.103.

“Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran mengacu Model Creative Problem Solving berbasis Somatic, Auditory, Visualization, Intellectually | Wijayanti | Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika.” (accessed May 03, 2020).


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1218 | PDF downloads : 543


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Unit Riset dan Publikasi Ilmiah FTK UIN Raden Intan Lampung

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

Indonesian Journal of Science and Mathematics Education is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License