A Meta-Analysis on The Effect of Inquiry Learning Model on Students’ Mathematical Problem-Solving Skills


Rizki Ramadhani, Dadang Juandi, Elah Nurlaelah


This study examines the effect of the inquiry learning model on the mathematical problem solving ability of students in Indonesia through meta-analysis. This study analyzed seven primary studies that met the inclusion criteria. The effect size index was calculated using the Hedges g equation and statistical analysis using comprehensive meta-analysis (CMA) software. Effect size testing is done by analyzing four characteristics, namely class of study, year of study, and sample size. Based on the results of the analysis using CMA, the inquiry learning model has a moderate effect (0.652) on the overall mathematical problem-solving skills of students. The use of the inquiry learning model is more effectively used in 8th-grade, in the range of 2015-2017 and 2018-2020, the sample size is less than or equal to 30. Thus, it can be seen that the inquiry learning model is useful in improving mathematical problem-solving skills.


inquiry learning model, meta-analysis, problem-solving skills

Full Text:



Kemendikbud, Modul Manajemen Implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Jakarta: Kemendikbud, 2018.

D. Beigie, “Integrating Content to Create Problem-Solving Opportunities,” Math. Teach. Middle Sch., vol. 13, no. 6, 2008.

J. Anderson, “Mathematics Curriculum Development and the Role of Problem Solving,” 2009.

J. Kilpatrick, J. Swafford, and B. Findell, Adding It Up: Helping Children Learn Mathematics. United States of America: National Academy Press, 2001.

NCTM, Principles and Standards for School Mathematics. United States of America: Library of Congress, 2000.

Asnidar, S. Khabibah, and R. Sulaiman, “The Effectiveness of Guided Inquiry Learning for Comparison Topics,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 947, no. 1, 2017, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/947/1/012033.

W. Sanjaya, Strategi Pembelajaran. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group, 2014.

D. Kurniawati, S. Sutiarso, and Widyastuti, “Efektivitas Model Pembelajaran Inkuiri Berbasis Ethnomathematics Terhadap Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematis Siswa,” J. Pendidik. Mat. Unila, vol. 6, pp. 293–304, 2018.

N. Solikhah, E. R. Winarti, and A. W. Kurniasih, “Keefektifan Model Guided Inquiry dengan Pendekatan Keterampilan Metakognitif terhadap Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah,” J. Kreano, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 18–25, 2014, doi: 10.15294/kreano.v5i1.3273.

Y. Meidawati, “Pengaruh Pendekatan Pembelajaran Inkuiri Tebimbing Terhadap Peningkatan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematis Siswa SMP,” J. Pendidik. dan Kegur., vol. 1, no. 2, 2014.

G. Nadhifah and E. A. Afriansyah, “Peningkatan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematis Siswa dengan Menerapkan Model Pembelajaran Problem Based Learning dan Inquiry,” J. Musharafa, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 33–44, 2016.

V. N. Yulian, “Meningkatkan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematis Siswa Melalui Metode Pembelajaran Metode Inkuiri Berbantuan Software Algebrator,” Jppm, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 20–24, 2016.

M. Zulfikar, T. Tayeb, and Mardhiah, “Perbandingan Penerapan Metode Inquiry Terbimbing Dan Metode Inquiry Bebas Termodifikasi Terhadap Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematika Siswa,” Alauddin J. Math. Educ., vol. 1, no. 1, 2017.

M. D. Bidari, R. Asnawati, and Widyastuti, “Efektivitas Model Pembelajaran Guided Inquiry Ditinjau dari Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematis Siswa,” J. Pendidik. Mat. Unila, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 914–925, 2017.

A. Pinasti, R. Asnawati, and A. P. Wijaya, “Efektivitas Model Pembelajaran Inkuiri Terbimbing untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematis Siswa,” J. Pendidik. Mat. Unila, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 310–321, 2019.

L. V. Hedges and I. Olkin, Statistical Methods for Meta-Analysis. Florida: Academic Press, 1985.

T. J. Cleophas and A. H. Zwinderman, Modern Meta-Analysis. Switzerland: Springer, 2017.

G. Schwarzer, J. R. Carpenter, and G. Rücker, Meta-Analysis with R. Switzerland: Springer, 2015.

L. B. Shelby and J. Vaske, “Understanding meta-analysis: A review of the methodological literature,” Leis. Sci., vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 96–110, 2008, doi: 10.1080/01490400701881366.

K. Kadir, “Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Learning Intervention Toward Mathematical Thinking on Research and Publication of Student,” TARBIYA J. Educ. Muslim Soc., vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 162–175, 2017, doi: 10.15408/tjems.v4i2.8010.

D. Juandi et al., “The Effectiveness of Dynamic Geometry Software Applications in Learning Mathematics: A Meta-Analysis Study,” Int. J. Interact. Mob. Technol., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 18–37, 2021, doi: 10.3991/ijim.v15i02.18853.

M. Tamur, D. Juandi, and A. M. G. Adem, “Realistic Mathematics Education in Indonesia and Recommendations for Future Implementation: A Meta-Analysis Study,” JTAM | J. Teor. dan Apl. Mat., vol. 4, no. 1, p. 17, 2020, doi: 10.31764/jtam.v4i1.1786.

M. Tamur and D. Juandi, “Effectiveness of constructivism based learning models against students mathematical creative thinking abilities in indonesia; a meta-analysis study,” 2020, doi: 10.4108/eai.12-10-2019.2296507.

M. L. McHugh, “Lessons in biostatistics interrater reliability : the kappa statistic,” Biochemica Medica, vol. 22, no. 3. pp. 276–282, 2012, [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/89395.

A. J. Viera and J. M. Garrett, “Understanding Interobserver Agreement: The Kappa Statistic,” Fam. Med., vol. 37, no. 5, 2005.

D. Juandi and M. Tamur, Pengantar Analisis Meta. Bandung: UPI Press, 2020.

M. Borestein, L. V. Hedges, J. P. T. Higgins, and H. R. Rothstein, Introduction to meta-analysis. United Kingdom: John Wiley & Sons, 2009.

M. W. Lipsey and D. B. Wilson, Practical Meta Analysis. United Stated of America: SAGE Publications, 2001.

B. Mullen, P. Muellerleile, and B. Bryant, “Cumulative meta-analysis: A consideration of indicators of sufficiency and stability,” Personal. Soc. Psychol. Bull., vol. 27, no. 11, pp. 1450–1462, 2001, doi: 10.1177/01461672012711006.

N. Susanti, D. Juandi, and M. Tamur, “The Effect of Problem-Based Learning (PBL) Model On Mathematical Communication Skills of Junior High School Students – A Meta-Analysis Study,” JTAM (Jurnal Teor. dan Apl. Mat., vol. 4, no. 2, p. 145, 2020, doi: 10.31764/jtam.v4i2.2481.

F. Dochy, M. Segers, P. Van den Bossche, and D. Gijbels, “Effects of problem-based learning: A meta-analysis from the angle of assessment,” Learn. Instr., vol. 75, no. 1, 2002, doi: 10.3102/00346543075001027.

Ö. G. Bayir and M. Bozkurt, “Effectiveness of Cooperative Learning Approaches Used in the Course of Social Studies in Turkey: a Meta-Analysis Study,” Eur. J. Educ. Stud., vol. 4, no. 10, pp. 171–192, 2018.

M. F. B. Paloloang, D. Juandi, M. Tamur, B. Paloloang, and A. M. G. Adem, “Meta Analisis : Pengaruh Problem-Based Learning Terhadap Kemampuan Literasi Matematis Siswa Di Indonesia Tujuh Tahun Terakhir,” AKSIOMA J. Progr. Stud. Pendidik. Mat., vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 851–864, 2020.

M. Tamur, E. Jehadus, F. Nendi, K. Mandur, and V. Murni, “Assessing the effectiveness of the contextual teaching and learning model on students’ mathematical understanding ability: A meta-analysis study,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 1657, no. 1, 2020, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1657/1/012067.

Suparman, D. Juandi, and M. Tamur, “Review of problem-based learning trends in 2010-2020: A meta-analysis study of the effect of problem-based learning in enhancing mathematical problem-solving skills of Indonesian students,” J. Phys. Conf. Ser., vol. 1722, no. 1, pp. 0–9, 2021, doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1722/1/012103.

Y. Yunita, D. Juandi, M. Tamur, A. M. G. Adem, and J. Pereira, “A meta-analysis of the effects of problem-based learning on students’ creative thinking in mathematics,” Beta J. Tadris Mat., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 104–116, 2020, doi: 10.20414/betajtm.v13i2.380.

Y. K. Sari, D. Juandi, M. Tamur, and A. M. G. Adem, “Meta-Analysis: Mengevaluasi Efektivitas Problem-Based Learning Pada Kemampuan Pemahaman Matematis Siswa,” J. Honai Math, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1–18, 2021.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24042/ijsme.v4i3.9730

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 119 | PDF downloads : 60


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Unit Riset dan Publikasi Ilmiah FTK UIN Raden Intan Lampung

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

Indonesian Journal of Science and Mathematics Education is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License