The Qur’anic Logic in al-Ghazali’s Book al-Qisṭās al-Mustaqīm

https://doi.org/10.24042/klm.v14i1.5677

Muhammad Nur

Abstract


Throughout the history of Islam, the notion of logic has been controversial. Not only have many muslims prohibited the use of logic, but also the term manṭiq, or the Arab-Islamic translation of ‘logic’, is often underestimated as a mere copy of the Greek logic.  This article wants to examine the conception of Qur’anic logic according to al-Ghazali’s book al-Qisṭās al-Mustaqīm. This investigation is imperative especially because we need to establish a clearer conception of logic in Islamic knowledge, in order to help us better understand the link between philosophy and Islam, as well as the rationality of the Qur’an. The main question of this paper is the following: “How is the form of logic that is used by the Qur’an in its argumentation, as explained in al-Ghazali’s book al-Qisṭās al-Mustaqīm?”. This paper finds out that the Qur’an has its own principles of reasoning. It is not only the source of knowledge but also the parameter of human’s knowledge. This parameter, which includes ta’addul (equilibrium), talazum (equivalence), and ta’anud (contradiction), should be used as the basis upon which the plausibility of human’s argumentation and ways of thinking is structured. Al-Ghazali’s conception of the Qur’anic logic is directed to argue against members of the Ta'limiyah school, who refused the use of logic.

Keywords


Logic, the Qur’an, al-Ghazali, al-Qisṭās al-Mustaqīm

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akrami, Musa. “From Logic in Islam to Islamic Logic.” Logica Universalis 11 (2017): 62.

Ali, Mufti. “Aristotelianisme dalam Kacamata Para Tokoh Abad Tengah Penentang Logika.” Jurnal al-Qalam 24, no. 3 (2007): 320.

Brewster, D.P. The Just Balance. Lahore: SH Muhammad Ashraf, 1978.

Ghazali, Abu Hamid, (ed) Victor Salahat, al-. al-Qisṭās al-Mustaqīm. Beirut: Mansyurat Dar al- Masyriq, 1983.

Inati, Shams. “Logika.” Dalam Ensiklopedi Tematis Filsafat Islam, disunting oleh Seyyed Hussein Nasr dan Oliver Leaman, 1117. Bandung: Mizan, 2003.

Kurdi. “Hermeneutika al-Qur’an Abu Hamid al-Ghazali.” Dalam Hermeneutika al-Qur’an dan Hadis, 8. Yogyakarta: Elsaq, 2010.

Mufti Ali. “Metode al-Suyuthi meringkas al-Radd ‘ala Manṭiqiyyin karya Ibnu Taymiya.” Jurnal al-Qalam 22, no. 3 (2005): 396.

Nur, Muhammad. “Logika Yunani dalam Tradisi Pemikiran Islam.” Laporan Hasil Penelitian. LP2M UIN Raden Intan Lampung, 2018.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24042/klm.v14i1.5677

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 484 | PDF downloads : 61

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 KALAM

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

KALAM [p-ISSN: 0853-9510, e-ISSN: 2540-7759] published by Faculty of Ushuluddin and Religious Study, State Islamic University of Raden Intan Lampung, INDONESIA

Office: Gedung Dekanat Lama Lt. 2, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Studi Agama, Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung. Jl. Letkol H. Endro Suratmin, Sukarame, Bandar Lampung, Lampung, INDONESIA, KP. 34513. Website: http://ejournal.radenintan.ac.id/index.php/kalam, email: kalam@radenintan.ac.id