The Concept of 'Ana' According to Badiuzaman Said Nursi and Contemporary Psychological Discussion

https://doi.org/10.24042/klm.v14i2.7365

Jarman Arroisi, Netty Yuwanda

Abstract


This article examines the concept of "Ana or ego" in Badiuzzaman Said Nursi's psychological thinking as a form of offering to the contemporary psychological problem of "narcissism" which has been in the spotlight of the wider community. From this study, it is found that the "concept of Ana or ego" seen through the paradigm of harfi encourages humans to have a complete understanding of the existence of themselves and God who is Almighty Nurturing and Powerful. Individuals who can reflect the partial nature of the attributes of Allah the Almighty are very good attitudes. From this attitude, a person can put himself in his proper place as a servant and can know his God as the Creator of nature. On the other hand, if the understanding of "the concept of Ana or ego" is seen through the ismi paradigm, it will have implications for a form of wrong understanding which results in zero knowledge of the real existence of oneself, which leads to narcissism. With the descriptive analysis method, the study of "the concept of Ana or ego" which is understood through this paradigm of harfi is an antidote to the problem of the spread of narcissism in society. The paradigm of harfi which is used by Said Nursi in seeing the concept of Ana or ego can guide a person to the correct understanding of tauhid. Who can control one's Ana or ego the ability of a person to control the ego is a necessity that must be owned and achieved so that each individual can give birth to al-Aklaq al-Karimah.


Keywords


Ana; Ego; Narcissism; Ismi; Harfi

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Qur’an Al-Karim

Adenan. “Filsafat Wujudiyah: Perspektif Mu’tazilah, Filsuf Islam Dan Alquran.” Jurnal Al-Hikmah: Jurnal Theosofi Dan Peradaban Islam Vol. 1 No. (2019).

Adi, P.S. “Kecenderungan Narsistik Pada Pengguna Friendster Ditinjau Dari Harga Diri.” Unika Soegijapranata, 2009.

Al-Andalusy, Abu Bakar Muhammad bin Bajah. Kitab An-Nafs. Damaskus: Matbu’at al-Jami’ al-’Ilmi al-’Arabi, 1960.

Al-Attas, Syed Muhammad Naquib. Islam Dan Sekularisme, Trans. Khalif Muammar. Bandung: PIMPIN, 2010.

———. Islam Faham Agama Dan Asas Akhlak. Himpunan Risalah, 2015.

———. On Justice and The Nature of Man: A Commentary On Surah Al-Nisa (4): 58 And Surah Al-Mu’minun (23): 12-14. Kuala Lumpur: IBFIM, 2015.

Al-Ghazali, Abi Hamid Muhammad. Ma’arij Al-Quds Fi Madarij Ma’rifat Al-Nafs. 2nd ed. Beirut: Daar al-Ifsaq al-hadidah, 1975.

American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders: DSM-IV-TR (Text Revision). American Journal of Psychiatry, 2000.

Amin, Mochammad Bagus Dikrul. “Fenomena Swafoto Di Kalangan Mahasiswa Uin Sunan Ampel Surabaya Perspektif Psikoanalisis Sigmund Freud Dan Islam.” Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya, 2019.

Arroisi, Jarman. “Teori Jiwa Perspektif Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razi: Studi Model Pemikiran Psikologi Islam.” UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya, 2016.

badawi, Abdurrahman. Rasā’il Falsafiyyah. Beirut: Dār Andalusi, n.d.

Bushman, Brad J., and Roy F. Baumeister. “Threatened Egotism, Narcissism, Self-Esteem, and Direct and Displaced Aggression: Does Self-Love or Self-Hate Lead to Violence?” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1998. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.75.1.219.

Dhianty, Mizaany Aulia. “Kecenderungan Narsistik Penggunaan Media Sosial Path Pada Siswa Kelas 12 Smu Al-Kautsar Bandar Lampung.” Universitas Lampung, 2016.

Ehrlich, R. “The Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations.” Telos, 1979. https://doi.org/10.3817/0679040187.

Engkus, Hikmat, and Karso Saminnurahmat. “Perilaku Narsis Pada Media Sosial Di Kalangan Remaja Narcissistic Behaviour On Social Media Among.” Jurnal Penelitian Komunikasi, 2017.

ESA, NURUL DESIDIAH. “Hubungan Antara Kecenderungan Narsisme Dengan Motif Memposting Foto Selfie Di Instagram Pada Remaja Di SMA Negeri 1 Sidayu Gresik.” Journal Psikosains, 2018.

Faris, Robert E. L., Calvin S. Hall, and Gardner Lindzey. “Theories of Personality.” American Sociological Review, 1957. https://doi.org/10.2307/2089174.

Freud, Sigmund. The Unconscious Is The True Psychical Relaity. Edited by Amy Orsbone. London: Penguin Group DK, 2012.

Hardika, Jelang, IGAA Noviekayati, and Sahat Saragih. “Hubungan Self-Esteem Dan Kesepian Dengan Kecenderungan Gangguan Kepribadian Narsistik Pada Remaja Pengguna Sosial Media Instagram.” PSIKOSAINS (Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pemikiran Psikologi), 2019. https://doi.org/10.30587/psikosains.v14i1.928.

Hardiman, Budi.F. Pemikiran-Pemikiran Yang Membentuk Dunia Modern, (Dari Machievelli Sampai Nietzsche). Jakarta: Erlangga, 2011.

Iqbal, Muhammad. Reconstruction Of Religious Thought In Islam (Rekontruksi Pemikiran Religius Dalam Islam) Trans. Hawasi and Musa Kazhim. Bandung: Mizan Pustaka, 2016.

———. The Secrets Of The Self (Asrar-i Khudi), Trans. Reynold A. Nicholson. (London: Mac Millan And Co., 1920. London: Mac Millan And Co., 1920.

Millon, Theodore, Seth Grossman, Carrie Millon, Sarah Meagher, and Rowena. Ramnath. “Personality Disorders in Modern Life (2nd Ed.). [References].,” 2004.

Miskawaih, Ibnu. Tahdzib Al-Akhlaq Wa Tathir Al-a’raq. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah, 1985.

Muqoddas, Muhammad Fahmi. “Konsep Ego Manusia Menurut Iqbal: Sebuah Dialektika Pemikiran Tentang Filsafat Manusia.” Jurnal Filsafat Seri 24 Februari 1996, 1996.

Najati, Muhammad Utsman Najati. Ad-Dirasat an-Nafsaniyyah ‘inda Al-‘Ulama Al-Muslimin, (Jiwa Dalam Pandangan Filosof Muslim). Bandung: Pustaka Hidayah, 2002.

Nicholson, Reynold Alleyne. The Idea of Personality in Sufism. Delhi: Idarah-i adabiyat, 2009.

Nugraheni, Hariyanti, and Salamah Wahyuni. “Pengaruh Narsisme Dan Job Stressor Pada Perilaku Kerja Kontra Produktif Dengan Respon Emosional Negatif (Anger) Sebagai Mediator.” Jurnal Bisnis Dan Manajemen, 2017. https://doi.org/10.20961/jbm.v16i2.4090.

O’Boyle, Ernest H., Donelson R. Forsyth, George C. Banks, and Michael A. McDaniel. “A Meta-Analysis of the Dark Triad and Work Behavior: A Social Exchange Perspective.” Journal of Applied Psychology, 2012. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0025679.

Putri, Dea Silfani Robi. “Khayalan-Khayalan Megah (Grandiose Fantasies) Penderita Kecenderungan Narsistik.” Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya, 2018.

Qayyim, Ibnu. Tuhfat Al-Maudud Bi Ahkam Al-Mau. Damaskus: Maktabah Dar al-Bayan, 1971.

Said Nursi, Badiuzzaman. Al-Kalimat. Cairo: Sozler Publications, 2011.

———. Al-Maktubat. Cairo: Sozler Publications, 2011.

———. Risalah Ana Dan Tabi’ah: Mengenal Ego Menyangkal Filsafat Naturalisme. Tangerang: Risalah Nur Press, 2016.

Santrock, John W. “Life-Span Development, Edisi Ketigabelas.” Jakarta: Erlangga, 2012.

Saras, Alnia Puastri. “Pengaruh Narsisme Dan Stres Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Pegawai Pada Lembaga Penyiaran Publik Radio Republik Indonesia (Lpp Rri) Bandar Lampung.” Universitas Lampung, 2016.

Schuster, Jean M. Twenge & W. Keith Campbell • Simon &. “The Narcissism Epidemic, Living in the Age of Entitlement.” Philosophers Notes, 2009.

Shomad, Bukhori Abdul. “Misi Al-Qur ’ an Dalam Terapi Moral.” KALAM 11, no. 2 (2017): 545–64.

Siregar, Fitri Muliati. “Hubungan Narsisme Dan Intensitas Posting Selfie Pada Remaja Pengguna Instagram.” Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, 2018.

Symington, Neville. Narcissism: A New Theory. H. Karnac Ltd., 1993.

Taimiyah, Ibnu. Al-’ubudiyah. Beirut: al-Maktab al-Islami, 1983.

“The Encyclopedia Americana International Edition.” In Americana Corporation. Grolier International, 1980.

Tohirin, Mohamad. “Studi Komparatif Teori Kepribadian Menurut Al-Ghazali Dan Sigmund Freud.” Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo Semarang, 2018.

Wahyudin, Wahyudin. “Filosofis Ketuhanan Dalam Konsep Islam Menuju Ketauhidan.” Ri’ayah: Jurnal Sosial Dan Keagamaan, 2017. https://doi.org/10.32332/riayah.v2i01.966.

Widiastuti, Vika, and Pujiharto. “Abnormalitas Tokoh-Tokoh Dalam Novel Pasung Jiwa Karya Okky Madasari: Analisis Psikologi Sastra.” Universitas Gajah Mada, 2015.

Zar, Sirajuddin. Filsafat Islam: Filosof Dan Filsafatnya. Bandung: Rosda Karya, 2004.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24042/klm.v14i2.7365

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 101 | PDF downloads : 33

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 KALAM

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

KALAM [p-ISSN: 0853-9510, e-ISSN: 2540-7759] published by Faculty of Ushuluddin and Religious Study, State Islamic University of Raden Intan Lampung, INDONESIA

Office: Gedung Dekanat Lama Lt. 2, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Studi Agama, Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung. Jl. Letkol H. Endro Suratmin, Sukarame, Bandar Lampung, Lampung, INDONESIA, KP. 34513. Website: http://ejournal.radenintan.ac.id/index.php/kalam, email: kalam@radenintan.ac.id