Analyses the Construction of the Indonesian Ulema Council Fatwa on the Halalness of the Sinovac Covid-19 Vaccine using the Jasser Auda’s Perspective of Islamic Law Development Models

https://doi.org/10.24042/al-'adalah.v18i2.10041

Muhammad Abduh, Khafid Abadi, Athoillah Islamy, Adib Susilo

Abstract


 The spread of hoax news related to whether it is safe or not and whether or not the use of the Covid-19 vaccine is lawful has created a pro-contra attitude among the Indonesian people towards the Covid-19 vaccination program. For this reason, the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) has issued a fatwa to provide legal enlightenment on the halal use of the Covid-19 vaccine. This study examines in depth the construction of the fatwa and identifies the Islamic law development model used in constructing the fatwa. This research is purely philosophical normative and uses the models of Islamic legal development proposed by Jasser Auda. The results of the study conclude that the construction of the MUI fatwa on the halalness of the Sinovac vaccine had used a holistic model of Islamic law. This is indicated by some characteristics inherent in the construction of the fatwa namely : (i) the wholeness and multidimensional character, which is indicated by the use of universal textual arguments ('aam). (ii) the purposive character, which isindicated by the use of various fiqh rules emphasizing the realization of benefit as the basis and orientation of legal determination. (iii) the openness characterwhich is indicated by the acceptance of the health and medical science principles which incidentally is outside the field of Islamic law


Keywords


MUI Fatwa, Sinovac vaccine, Jasser Auda’s Islamic law development models

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, Farhat, ‘Sinovac Vaccine Halal Controllers: According To The Lay Community’, Tahdzib Al Akhlak, 4.1 (2021)

Agustino, Leo, ‘Analisis Kebijakan Penanganan Wabah Covid-19:Pengalaman Indonesia’, Jurnal Borneo Administrator, 16.2 (2020)

Anwar, Syamsul, Maqashid Shari’ah Dalam Metodologi Ushul Fikih Dalam Fikih Kebinekaan (Bandung: Mizan Pustaka, 2015)

Arsyad, Azhar, ‘Integration Tree and the Interconnectivity of Science and Religion’, Kalimah, 14.2 (2016)

Auda, Jasser, Maqasid Al-Shari’ah as Philosophy of Islamic Law: A Systems Approach (London: International Institute of Islamic Thought, 2008)

Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia Nomor: 23 Tahun 2020 Tentang Pemanfaatan Harta Zakat, Infak, Dan Shadaqah Untuk Penanggulangan Wabah Covid-19 Dan Dampaknya (Indonesia, 2020)

Fatwa Nomor. 02 Tahun 2021 Tentang Produk Vaksin Covid-19 Dari Sinovac Life Sciences Co. Ltd. China Dan Pt. Bio Farma (Persero) (Indonesia, 2021)

Ferdiansyah, Hengki, ‘Pemikiran Hukum Islam Jasser Auda’ (Universitas Islam Negeri Jakarta, 2017)

Imron, Ali, ‘Menerapkan Hukum Islam Yang Inovatif Dengan Metode Sadd Al Dzari’ah’, QISTIE, 4.1 (2010)

Islamy, Athoillah, ‘Landasan Filosofis Dan Corak Pendekatan Abdurrahman Wahid Tentang Implementasi Hukum Islam Di Indonesia’, Jurnal Al-Adalah: Jurnal Hukum Dan Politik Islam, 6.1 (2021)

———, ‘Nilai-Nilai Maqashid Syariah Dalam Fungsi Keluarga Di Tengah Pandemi Covid-19’, Al-Qisthu : Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-Ilmu Hukum, 9.1 (2021)

———, ‘Pemikiran Hukum Islam Nurcholish Madjid’ (Universitas Islam Negeri Walisongo, 2021)

Islamy, Athoillah, and Nurul Istiani, ‘Aktualisasi Nilai-Nilai Profetik Dalam Pendidikan Keluarga Di Tengah Pandemi Covid-19’, Mawa’izh: Jurnal Dakwah Dan Pengembangan Sosial Kemanusiaan, 11.2 (2020)

Islamy, Athoillah, Kusroh Lailiyah, and M. Syamsul Rizal, ‘Problem Efektivitas Pencegahan Covid-19 Di Indonesia Dalam Perspektif Sosiologi Hukum (Studi Analisis Kebijakan PSBB)’, Mimikri, 6.2 (2020)

Kaptein, Nico J.G, ‘The Voice of the `Ulamâ’: Fatwas and Religious Authority in Indonesia’, Archives de Sciences Sociales Des Religions, 125, 2004

Khallaf, Abd al-Wahaab, Ilmu Ushul Al-Fiqh (Cairo: Maktabat al-Da’wat, 1974)

Moleong, Lexy J., Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif Edisi Revisi (Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya, 2007)

Ni’mah, Allina Mustaufiatin, and Syufa’at Syufa’at, ‘Legalitas Impor Vaksin Covid-19 Perspektif Maqashid Syariah’, Volksgeist, 4.1 (2021)

Rusfi, Muhammad, Hukum Kebiri Dalam Perspektif Maqasid Al-Syariah Dalam Hukum Kebiri Dalam Kajian Interdisipliner (Surabaya: CV. Gemilang, 2018)

Saputera, Abdur Rahman Adi, ‘Menelisik Dinamika Dan Eksistensi Fatwa Mui Sebagai Upaya Mitigasi Pandemi Covid-19’, Tahkim, Jurnal Peradaban Dan Hukum Islam, 3.2 (2020)

Sholeh, M. Asrorun Ni’am, ‘Towards a Progressive Fatwa: MUI’s Response to the Covid-19 Pandemic’, Ahkam, 20.2 (2020)

Sholeh, M Asrorun Niam, and Muhammad Ishar Helmi, ‘The COVID-19 Vaccination: Realization on Halal Vaccines for Benefits’, Samarah : Jurnal Hukum Keluarga Dan Hukum Islam, 5.1 (2021)

Supena, Ilyas, ‘Konstruksi Epistemologi Fikih Pandemik: Analisis Fatwa-Fatwa MUI’, L-Manāhij: Jurnal Kajian Hukum Islam, 15.1 (2021)

Suprapto, Nadi, Akhmad Zamroni, Azmil Abidah, and Desi Wulandari, ‘The Pros and Cons of the “New Normal” Concept during Covid-19 Outbreak’, Edutec, 4.3 (2021)

Susilo, Daniel, Teguh Dwi Putranto, and Charles Julian Santos Navarro, ‘9 Performance of Indonesian Ministry of Health in Overcoming Hoax About Vaccination Amid the Covid-19 Pandemic on Social Media’, Nyimak: Journal Of Communication, 5.1 (2021)

Sutan, Arissy Jorgi, and Zuly Qodir, ‘Content Analysis of Social Media on Indoensia Vaccination Covid-19 Policy’, Journal Governance, 6.1 (2021)

Syafei, Zakaria, ‘Tracing Maqasid Al-Shari’ah In The Fatwas Of Indonesian Council Ulama (MUI)’, Journal of Indonesian Islam, 14.2 (2017)

Thomson, Stephen, and Eric C. Ip, ‘COVID-19 Emergency Measures and the Impending Authoritarian Pandemic’, Journal of Law and the Biosciences, 7.1 (2020)

Turnip, Ibnu Radwan Siddik, ‘Kehalalan Vaksin Covid-19 Produksi Sinovac Dalam Fatwa Mui Dan Implementasi Vaksinasinya Pada Tenaga Kesehatan Di Puskesmas Tanjung Morawa, Deli Serdang (Perspektif Qawaidh Fiqhiyyah)’, Al-Mashlahah: Jurnal Hukum Islam Dan Pranata Sosial Islam, 9.1 (2021)

Widigdo, Mohammad Syifa Amin, and Homaidi Hamid, ‘The Power of Fatwâ in Indonesia: An Analysis of MUI’s Controversial Fatwâ’, Afkaruna, 14.2 (2018)

Yunus, Nur Rohim, and Annissa Rezki, ‘Kebijakan Pemberlakuan Lockdown Sebagai Antisipasi Penyebaran Corona Virus Covid-19’, SALAM: Jurnal Sosial Dan Budaya Syar-I, 7.3 (2020)

Zakaria, Soni, ‘The Contextualization Of The Māqāṣid Āl-Šyāriāh Jasser Auda Theory In The Concept And Practice Of Islamic Family Law’, Al-‘Adl, 14.2 (2021)

Zaprulkhan, ‘MaqāṢid Al-Shariah In The Contemporary Islamic Legal Discourse: Perspective Of Jasser Auda’, Walisongo: Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan, 26.2 (2018)




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24042/al-'adalah.v18i2.10041

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 412 | PDF downloads : 15

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2022 AL-'ADALAH

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

Al-'Adalah is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.