Pengaruh Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah terhadap Beliefs Siswa tentang Fisika dan Pembelajaran Fisika

https://doi.org/10.24042/jpifalbiruni.v6i1.603

Tanti Tanti, Jamaluddin Jamaluddin, Boby Syefrinando

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan menginvestigasi pengaruh penggunaan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah terhadap belief siswa tentang fisika dan pembelajaran fisika. Desain penelitian kuasi eksperimen non-equivalent control group design dengan sampel siswa kelas XI Sekolah Menengah Atas Negeri (SMAN) 1 Kota Jambi. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan adalah kuesioner the Colorado Learning Attitudes About Science Survey (CLASS). Hasil uji Ancova terlihat bahwa tidak ada pengaruh signifikan penggunaan model pembelajaran berbasis masalah terhadap belief siswa tentang fisika dan pembelajaran fisika. Temuan penelitian mengindikasikan bahwa belief siswa tentang karakteristik dan cara memperoleh suatu pengetahuan sulit untuk diubah. Meskipun demikian, penggunaan berbagai model pembelajaran yang berfokus pada pada pembentukan model (model-building) dari dunia fisika melalui pemecahan masalah-masalah yang bersifat kontekstual dan nyata, serta memberikan kesempatan siswa untuk aktif terlibat dalam pemecahan masalah dapat membantu siswa mengembangkan belief yang mereka miliki tentang fisika dari belief sebagai seorang pemula (novice-like belief) menjadi belief sebagai seorang ahli (expert-like belief).

The Effect of Problem-Based Learning on Students’ Beliefs on Physics and Physics Learning

 This research aimed to investigate the effect of problem-based learning on students’ beliefs about physics and learning physics. The research design is a quasi-experimental,  non-equivalent control group design with samples were senior high school students grade XI at SMAN 1 Jambi City. The research used the Colorado Learning Attitudes About Science Survey (CLASS). Through data analysis using ANCOVA Test can be seen that there was no significant result effect of problem-based learning on students’ beliefs about physics and learning physics. The study’s finding indicates that students’ beliefs about characteristics and obtaining knowledge are difficult to change. Nonetheless, the use of various learning models that focus on the formation of the model building on the physics world through problem-solving that are contextual and real, as well as providing opportunities for students to actively engage in problem-solving can help students develop the belief that they have about the physics from novice-like belief into expert-like belief.


Keywords


belief siswa tentang fisika dan pembelajaran fisika; model-building; pembelajaran berbasis masalah; pemecahan masalah.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24042/jpifalbiruni.v6i1.603

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