Problem Based Learning with a Scientific Approach with Character in Mathematics Learning

Ahmat Wakit, R. Hadapiningradja Kusumodestoni


The studied aims to determined the characteristics of the development of learned devices with the problem-based learned model with a scientific approached which container the character in math subject. The research method used is a development research. Development is carried out with the preparation of valid, practical and effective tools. The learned tools developed were syllabus, (RPP) Learning Implementation Plans, (LKS) Student Worksheets, Student Books, and TKPM (Problem Solving Ability Tests). After the learned device valid then tested, the experiment was carried out by observed the learned process, process skills, students' character, at the end of the learned process did by TKPM and filled in the student response questionnaire. Data were analyzed to determined the practicality and effectiveness of the used of learned devices. The results showed: (1) the average score of the learned device validation results was 4.37 in the very good category so the devices developed were valid; (2) the application of practical learned tools because the average score of the teacher's ability to manage to learned is 3.98 in the good category and the average score of 4.36 student respons is in the very good category; (3) the application of effective learned devices because TKPM has achieved classical completed, the average TKPM experimental class better than the control class, the proportion of completed TKPM students experiment better than control class students, there is a positive influence was students' process and attitude skills towards TKPM, there is an increase in mathematical problem-solved abilities.



Mathematical Problem Solving Skills; Problem Based Learning; Scientific.

Full Text:



A. Kamaruddin, S. (2012). Character Education and Students Social Behavior. Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn), 6(4), 223.

Abdullah, N. I., Tarmizi, R. A., & Abu, R. (2010). The effects of Problem Based Learning on mathematics performance and affective attributes in learning statistics at form four secondary level. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 8(5), 370–376.

Ahamad, S. N. S. H., Li, H. C., Shahrill, M., & Prahmana, R. C. I. (2018). Implementation of problem-based learning in geometry lessons. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 943(1).

Ari, A. A., & Katrancı, Y. (2014). The Opinions of Primary Mathematics Student-teachers on Problem-based Learning Method. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116(5), 1826–1831.

Cristea, A. (2016). No 主観的健康感を中心とした在宅高齢者における 健康関連指標に関する共分散構造分析Title. Revista Brasileira de Ergonomia, 9(2), 10.

Daulay, K. R., & Ruhaimah, I. (2019). Polya theory to improve problem-solving skills. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1188(1).

Davidson, N., & Major, C. H. (2014). Boundary Crossings: Cooperative Learning, Collaborative Learning, and Problem-Based Learning. Journal on Excellence in College Teaching, 25(3&4), 7–55.

Häkkinen, P., Järvelä, S., Mäkitalo-Siegl, K., Ahonen, A., Näykki, P., & Valtonen, T. (2017). Preparing teacher-students for twenty-first-century learning practices (PREP 21): a framework for enhancing collaborative problem-solving and strategic learning skills. Teachers and Teaching: Theory and Practice, 23(1), 25–41.

Hendriana, H., Johanto, T., & Sumarmo, U. (2018). The role of problem-based learning to improve students’ mathematical problem-solving ability and self confidence. Journal on Mathematics Education, 9(2), 291–299.

Huda, W. N., & Suyitno, H. (2017). Analysis of Mathematical Problem Solving Abilities in Terms of Students’ Motivation and Learning Styles. Journal of Primary Education, 6(3), 209–217.

Hudha, A. M., Ekowati, D. W., & Husamah. (2014). Character education model in mathematics and natural sciences learning at muhammadiyah junior high school. International Journal of Education, Learning & Development, 2(4), 33–47. Retrieved from

Ihsan, rudi susilana dan heli. (2014). Pendekatan Saintifik Dalam Implementasi Kurikulum 2013 Berdasarkan Kajian Teori Psikologi Belajar. Edutech, 1(2), 13.

Irfan, M. (2016). Role of Learning Mathematics in the Character Building. International Conference On Education, (Education in the 21th Century), 599–604.

Karatas, I., & Baki, A. (2013). The effect of learning environments based on problem solving on students’ achievements of problem solving. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, 5(3), 249–267.

Nurkaeti, N. (2018). Polya’S Strategy: an Analysis of Mathematical Problem Solving Difficulty in 5Th Grade Elementary School. EduHumaniora | Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Kampus Cibiru, 10(2), 140.

Putra, L. I. A., & Suparman. (2020). Design of student worksheet according to PBL learning model to improve problem-solving skills. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 9(3), 4967–4973.

Ramadhani, R. (2018). The enhancement of mathematical problem solving ability and self-confidence of students through problem based learning. Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika, 5(1), 127.

Rhosalia, L. A. (2017). Pendekatan Saintifik (Scientific Approach) Dalam Pembelajaran Tematik Terpadu Kurikulum 2013 Versi 2016. JTIEE (Journal of Teaching in Elementary Education), 1(1), 59.

Savary, J. . (2006). Overview Of Problem-based Learning : Devinition and Distinction Interdisciplinary. Journal Problem-Based Learning, 1(1), 9–20. Retrieved from

Servant-Miklos, V. F. C. (2019). The Harvard Connection: How the Case Method Spawned Problem-Based Learning at McMaster University. Health Professions Education, 5(3), 163–171.

Sipayung, T. N., & Anzelina, D. (2019). An analysis of students problem solving skills using a realistic mathematics approach on integers materials. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1211(1).

Sukestiyarno, Y. L., Cahyono, A. N., & Pradnya, I. N. (2019). Integrating character education in mathematics learning in Indonesia and Denmark. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1321(3).

Surya, E., Putri, F. A., & Mukhtar. (2017). Improving mathematical problem-solving ability and self-confidence of high school students through contextual learning model. Journal on Mathematics Education, 8(1), 85–94.

Ulandari, L., Amry, Z., & Saragih, S. (2019). Development of Learning Materials Based on Realistic Mathematics Education Approach to Improve Students’ Mathematical Problem Solving Ability and Self-Efficacy. International Electronic Journal of Mathematics Education, 14(2), 331–340.

Winarti, E. R., Waluya, S. B., Rochmad, & Kartono. (2019). The impact of problem based learning using performance assessment on student’s mathematical problem solving ability. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1321(3).


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 938 | PDF downloads : 519


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


Creative Commons License
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.