Aforisme Alquran dan Hermeneutika Terbuka: Interpretasi Ibn Ataillah atas Kehendak

Muhammad Saifullah


This essay tries to explicate how Ibn Ataillah understands Qur’an within his popular book, al-Ḫikam. It is not merely his huge opus yet one of several books in which Indonesian Moslems like to learn and discuss. It covers the opened aphorisms stands on three entities, these are Qur’an, hadith, including some habits of Prophet Muhammad and subsequently I opt al-Ḫikam. As a sample, I am such demanded to come in through his interpretation concerning “will” or kehendak. Ibn Ataillah, as far as I feel, has deep conception with regard to “will” which is wallowed with dilemma. Sometime, he puts it as something freely owned by human, sometime on the contrary. By that conception, Ibn Ataillah covets an ideal figure such “superman”—to borrow Nietzsche phrase—as if. A super human that prefer living within dark surrounding to comfort, that is able to reflect his hard problems often and then solve it well. This article thus interests to look further how Ibn Ataillah’s hermeneutic model, particularly when composing al-Ḫikam. Who is his target audiences and how does it absorb to daily activities. The essay argues that Ibn Ataillah’s prescription in approaching Qur’an is going to a couple point, these are what I call as “creative abstraction” and an endeavor to reinvent Quranic mode or “reinvention of Quranic mode”.


Ibn Ataillah, the opened hermeneutic, creative abstraction.

Full Text:



A. Setyo Wibowo. Gaya Filsafat Nietzche. Yogyakarta: Galang Press, 2004.

Abdullah Yusuf Ali. The Holy Quran. Riyadl: The King fahd Holy Quran printing Complex, 1987.

Amer Latif. “‘Qur’anic Narrative and Sufi Hermeneutics: Rumi’s Interpretation of Pharouh’s Character’.” Stony Brook University, 2009.

Bannister, Andrew G. An Oral-Formulaic Study of the Qur’an. New York: Lexington Book, 2014.

Budi Hardiman. Seni Memahami: Hermeneutika Dari Schleiermacher Sampai Derrida. Yogyakarta: Kanisius, 2015.

Dhanu Priyo Prabowo. Pengaruh Islam Dalam Karya-Karya R. Ng. Ranggawarsita. Yogyakarta: Narasi, 2013.

Dorothea E. Schulzl. “‘Mediating Authority: Media Technologies and the Generation of Charismatic Appeal in Southern Mali.’” Culture and Religion, 2015.

Henry Corbin. Creative Imagination in the Sufism of Ibn Araby. Translated by Ralph Manheim. N.J: Princeton University Press, 1969.

Ibn Arabi. Syarh Musykilat Al-Futuhat al-Makkiyah. Kairo: Dar al-Amin, 1999.

Ibn Aṭaillah. Sufi Aphorism: Kitab al-Ḫikam. Translated by Victor Danner. Leiden: Brill, 1984.

———. The Book of Aphorisms: Kitab al-Ḫikam. Translated by Muhammed Nafih Wafy. Selangor: Islamic Book Trust, 2010.

Karl Simms. Paul Ricouer. New York: Routledge, 2003.

Martin Heidegger. Ontology: The Hermeneutics of Facticity, Terj. John Van Buren. Translated by John Van Buren. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 1999., n.d.

Mohammad Monib, and Islah Bahrawi. Islam Dan Hak Asasi Dalam Pandangan Nurcholis Madjid. Jakarta: Gramedia, 2011.

Muhammad Abdul Maqsud Haikal, ed. Al-Ḫikam al-Ataiyyah Li Ibn Ataiyyah al-Sakandary Syarh Ibn ‘Abbad al-Nafazi al-Rundi. Kairo: Markaz al-Ahram, 2002.

Sahiron Syamsuddin. Hermeneutika Dan Pengembangan Ulumul Quran. Yogyakarta: Pesantren Nawesea Press, 2017.

Seyyed Hossein Nasr. The Garden of Truth: The Vision and Promise of Sufism, Islam’s Mystical Tradition. New York: HarperOne, 2007.

Syed Rizwan Zamir. “‘Tafsir al-Qur’an Bi al-Qur’an: The Hermeneutics of Imitation and Adab in Ibn Arabi’s Interpretation of the Qur’an.’” Islamic Studies 50, no. 1 (n.d.): 2011.

T. K. Seung. Nietzsche’s Epic of the Soul: Thus Spoke Zarathustra. New York: Lexington Books, 2005.

Umberto Eco. The Role of the Reader: Explorations in the Semiotics of Texts. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1984.

William C. Chittick. Ibn Al-Arabi’s Metaphysics of Imagination: The Sufi Path of Knowledge. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1989.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 130 | PDF downloads : 67


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Analisis: Jurnal Studi Keislaman

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ANALISIS: Jurnal Studi Keislaman [p-ISSN: 2088-9046, e-ISSN:2502-3969] published by Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung.

Office: Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung. Jl. Letkol H. Endro Suratmin, Sukarame, Bandar Lampung, Lampung, INDONESIA, KP. 34513. Website:, email: