SEJARAH PENGELOLAAN ZAKAT DI DUNIA MUSLIM DAN INDONESIA (Pendekatan Teori Investigasi-Sejarah Charles Peirce dan Defisit Kebenaran Lieven Boeve)

https://doi.org/10.24042/ajsk.v11i2.612

Faisal Faisal

Abstract


Throughout the history of human life, poverty is a “plot of story” that could never be erased, and the history of human life is inevitably not free from the history of how people try various ways to overcome this problem. Alms giving (zakat) is one solution that Islam called upon to remove poverty and economic inequalities. Classical as well as Modern Islamic World has enacted various laws and run variety of alms (zakat) management patterns in order to alleviate such poverty. This article covers the application of such charity in the long history of alms giving, since the classical age of Islam to the realities of current application in modern   times   in   some   Islamic   countries,   with   main   focus,   the application  of  alms  in  Indonesia.  By  using  historical  investigation theory of Charles Peirce and truth deficit of Lieven Boeve, the authors  found  a  number  of  polarization  on  the  practices  of  alms withdrawal and its management in Indonesia which further led to a deficit or a reduction in the role and function of such alms itself, which once reached the golden age in the heyday of Islam. This happens due to many factors, including the ineffectiveness of the implementation of the Law of alms (zakat), the lack of trust in the institution of zakat, and the lack of awareness of those compulsory Muslims to give alm. Overcoming such a deficit, it needs integral and solid steps of the

state and society in the spirit of recontectualization of zakat.


Keywords


zakat; Undang-undang zakat; manajemen zakat; lembaga zakat

References


Abdullah, Syarifuddin, Zakat Profesi, Jakarta: Moyo Segoro

Agung, 2003.

Ali, Muhammad Daud, Sistem Ekonomi Islam Zakat dan Wakaf,

Jakarta: UI Press, 1988.

Armstrong, Karen, Muhammad: A Biography of The Prophet, New York: Victor Gollance, 1991.

Azra, Azyumardi, “Filantropi dalam Sejarah Islam di Indonesia” dalam Kuntarno Noor Aflah (editor), Zakat & Peran Negara, Jakarta: Forum Zakat (FOZ), 2006.

Boeve, Lieven, “The Particularity of Religious Truth Claims: How to Deal With It In A So-Called Post-Modern Context”, dalam

Christine Helmer dan Kristin De Troyer (ed), Truth: Interdisciplinary Dialogues In A Pluralistic Age, Leuven: Peeters, 2003.

Depag RI, Pedoman Zakat, Jakarta: Badan Proyek Peningkatan

Zakat dan Wakaf, 2002.

Fakhruddin, Fiqh dan Manajemen Zakat di Indonesia, Malang: UIN-Malang Press, 2008.

Gaza>li, Abu> Ha>mid Al-, Ih}ya>’ ‘Ulu>m ad-Di>n, Beirut: Da>r al-Ma‘rifah, t.t.

Hasan, Mukhtar Ibnu, “Studi Peraturan Daerah tentang

Pengelolaan Zakat di Sumatra Selatan”, dalam Harmoni, Vol 6, No 22, April-Juni 2007.

Hidayat, Rahmat, “Pengelolaan Zakat di Indonesia dan Malaysia”, dalam Harmoni, Vol V, No 20, Oktober-Desember 2006.

Hollander, Johannes Jacobus de, Handleiding bij de Beoefenig der

Land en Volkenkunde van Nederlandsch Oost-Indië,

Jilid. II, Breda: Broese, 1895.

Ibnu Manz}ur>, Jama>luddi>n Muh}ammad ibn Mukarram al- Ans} a>ri, Lisa>n al-‘Arab, Kairo: Mu’assasah al- Mis}riyyah al-‘Amma>h, t.t.

Ibnu Rusyd, Bidayah> al-Mujtahid, Surabaya: Da>r Ih}ya>’ al-Kutub, t.t.

Ichwan, Muh. Nur, Meretas Kesarjanaan Kritis al-Qur’an, Jakarta: Teraju, 2003

Ka’bah, Rifyal, Penegakan Syari’at Islam di Indonesia, Jakarta: Khairul Bayan, 2004.

Lapidus, Ira. M., Sejarah Sosial Ummat Islam, terj. Ghufron A. Mas’adi, Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada, 2000.

Mas’udi, Masdar Farid, Agama Keadilan, Risalah Zakat dalam

Islam, Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus, 1991.

Muhammad, Zakat Profesi, Wacana Pemikiran dalam Fikih

Kontemporer, Jakarta: Salemba Diniyah, 2002.

Munitz, Milton K., Contemporary Analytic Philosophy (New

York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1981.

Nasution, Harun, Islam Ditinjau dari Berbagai Aspeknya, Jakarta: UI Press,1985.

Nasution, Mustafa Edwin, et. al., Pengenalan Eksklusif Ekonomi

Islam, Jakarta: Kencana, 2006.

Permono, Sjechul Hadi, Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Sebagai

Pengelola Zakat, Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus, 1995

Qarad}a>wi, Yu>suf al-, Fiqh az-Zaka>h, cet. ke-4, Beirut: Mu’assasah ar-Risa>lah, 1997.

Qodir, Abdurrachman, Zakat dalam Dimensi Mahdhah Dan

Sosial, Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada, 1998.

Rahardjo, Dawam, Perspektif Deklarasi Makkah Menuju

Ekonomi Islam, Bandung: Mizan, 1987.

Rass, J. J., Hikajat Bandjar: A Study in Malay Historiography, Disertasi, The Hague: Leiden; Bibliotheca Indonesica 1,

Ridlo, M. Taufiq, “Pengelolaan Zakat di Negara-negara Islam”, dalam Kuntarno Noor Aflah (editor), Zakat dan Peran Negara, Jakarta: Forum Zakat (FOZ), 2006.

Rofiq, Ahmad (peny.), Kompilasi Zakat, (Semarang: Balai

Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama, 2010.

Muslim: Sebuah Penilaian Kuantitatif”. Islamika, Vol. 2, No.3 Desember 2005.

Roy, Muhammad, Ushul Fikih Mazhab Aristoteles, Yogyakarta: Safiria Insanea Press, 2004.

Suratmaputra, Ahmad Munif, Filsafat Hukum Islam al-Ghazali, Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus 2002.

Syalabi, Ahmad, Sejarah Kebudayaan Islam, terj, Mukhtar

Yahya, cet. ke-8, Jakarta: Mutiara, 1994.

Taqiyuddin, Abu> Bakr ibn Muh}ammad al-H{usaini al-H{isani ad-Dimasyqi asy-Sya>fi‘i>, Kifar, Surabaya: al-Hidayah, t.t.

Usman, Iskandar, Istihsan dan Pembaharuan Hukum Islam, Jakarta: Raja Grafindo, 1994.

Vollenhoven, C. Van, Het Adatrecht van Nederlandsch Indie,

Jilid. I, Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1931.

Yahya, Mahayuddin Hj., Sejarah Islam, Kuala Lumpur: Fajar

Bakti, 1995.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24042/ajsk.v11i2.612

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 612 | PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloads : 1429

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Analisis: Jurnal Studi Keislaman

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ANALISIS: Jurnal Studi Keislaman [p-ISSN: 2088-9046, e-ISSN:2502-3969] published by Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung.

Office: Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung. Jl. Letkol H. Endro Suratmin, Sukarame, Bandar Lampung, Lampung, INDONESIA, KP. 34513. Website: http://ejournal.radenintan.ac.id/index.php/analisis, email: analisis@radenintan.ac.id