The Effect of GA3 and Salicylic Acid Combination on the Growth of Groundnut Sprout (Arachis Hypogaea L.) on Aluminum Stress

Noviani Noviani, Martha Lulus Lande, Zulkifli Zulkifli, Yulianty Yulianty


This study aimed to determine the influence of GA3 and salicylic acid on the germination and growth of Kelinci variety groundnut under aluminum stress. The research was conducted in the Botanical Laboratory of the Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Lampung. This research was conducted in a 2x3 factorial experimental design. Factor A was AL (OH) 3 with two levels of concentration: 0% b/v and 5% b/v. Factor B was Growth Stimulant Substance (ZPT) with three levels of concentration: GA3 (0.1% w/v), salicylic acid (0.1% w/v), and GA3 and salicylic acid. The Tukey test determined the Main Effect, and the Simple Effect was determined with F-test at a significant level of 5%. It can be concluded that the mixture of GA3 solution and US solution was more effective than a single solution of GA3 or US.



Aluminum; Salicylic Acid; GA3; Groundnuts.

Full Text:



Abdullah, AB, Rusli, A., & Badron, R. (2014). The improvement of the Langkose Nuts Production Process in Home Industries in Pinrang. Ngayah: Science and Technology Application Magazine, 5 (1).

Afkar, R., Sitepu, FET, & Hasanah, Y. (2019). Growth and Production Response of Wilis (Glycine Max (L.) Merril.) Soybean Variety to Salicylic Acid and Chitosan Applications. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 6 (1), 153–159.

Andriani, A., Zulkifli, Z., & Handayani, TT (2015). Effect of Salicylic Acid on the Growth of Upland Rice Sprouts of Situ Bagendit Varieties. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Agricultural Technology Development.

Ariani, M., Hermanto, GS, Hardono, S., & Ts, W. (2013). Study of Local Food Diversification Development Strategies. Report on the Study of Actual Issues of Agricultural Development Policy. Center for Socio-Economic and Agricultural Policy. Bogor.

Aslamiah, ID, & Sularno, S. (2018). Groundnut Growth and Production's response to Increasing Concentration of Organic Fertilizers and Reducing Doses of Inorganic Fertilizers. Proceedings of Semnastan, 115–126.

Bimasri, J., & Murniati, N. (2017). Exploration of the Benefits of Eggshell Waste to Increase Soybean (Glycine Max L. Merril) Production in Ultisol Soil. Chlorophyll: Journal of Agricultural Sciences Research, 12 (1), 52–57.

Efendi, MY (2016). Effect of Salicylic Acid Concentration on Growth of Koro Sword Nuts (Canavalia Ensiformis L) in Ultisol Soil. Student Scientific Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, 3 (2).

Gulo, YS, Marpaung, RG, & Manurung, AI (2020). The Effect of Npk Mutiara Fertilizer and the Number of Seeds per Planting Hole on the Growth and Production of Groundnuts of Tasia I Variety (Arachis Hypogaea L.). Journal of Darma Agung, 28 (3), 525–548.

Gusmiatun, G., Palmasari, B., & Riani, E. (2020). The Effect of Phosphate Fertilizer With Different Dosages And Frequency On The Growth And Production Of Groundnuts (Arachis Hypogaea L. Merr). Chlorophyll: Journal of Agricultural Sciences Research, 14 (2), 98–101.

Hadi, MA (2017). Effect of Giving Mushroom Baglog Waste Compost and Sheep Manure on Growth and Yield of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) Varieties of Sheep. Uin Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung.

Pest, S. (2018). Utilization of Tofu Dregs Compost for Growth and Production of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.). Perbal: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 6 (3), 48–58.

Hayati, M., Marliah, A., & Fajri, H. (2012). Effect of Varieties and Doses of Sp-36 Fertilizer on Growth and Yield of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.). Agrista Journal, 16 (1), 7–13.

Istiqhomah, S., Mukaromah, AS, & Rusmadi, R. (2019). Effect of MS0 Medium Density on In Vitro Germination of Corn Kernels (Zea Mays L., Var. "Local"). Al-Hayat: Journal Of Biology And Applied Biology, 2 (2), 68–75.

Kartawijaya, I. (2014). National Seminar Proceedings. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Indonesian Tropical Biodiversity and Ecology (Bioeti), Andalas University, 1.

Koentjoro, MP, & Biotech, M. (2020). Dynamics of Bacterial Cell Wall Structure. Jakad Media Publishing.

Kurniawan, RM, & Purnamawati, H. (2017). Response of Growth and Production of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) to Groove Planting System and Type of Fertilizer. Agrohorti Bulletin, 5 (3), 342–350.

Lestari, T., Ardie, SW, & Sopandie, D. (2017). The Role of Phosphorus in Increasing Sorghum Plant Tolerance to Aluminum Stress. Journal of Indonesian Agronomy (Indonesian Journal Of Agronomy), 45 (1), 43–48.

Mayura, E., & Idris, H. (2019). Utilization of Citronella Distillation Waste as Organic Fertilizer for Growth and Production of Groundnuts (Arachis Hypogea L.). Journal Of Applied Agricultural Science And Technology, 3 (1), 67–72.

Merta, JS, Asminar, A., & Is, A. (2018). Dynamics of Groundnut Price Offer Response Between Bungur Market, Bungo Regency and Sarinah Market, Tebo Regency. Jas (Journal of Agri Sains), 2 (2).

Mutia, U., & Saleh, C. (2016). Test of Lactic Acid Levels in Groundnut Cheese (Arachis Hypogaea L.) Based on Time Variations and Concentrations of Lactobacillus Bulgaricus and Streptococcus Lactis Bacteria. Mulawarman Journal of Chemistry, 10 (2).

Nio, SA, & Torey, P. (2013). Root Morphological Characters As Water-Deficit Indicators In Plants. Journal of Bios Logos, 3 (1).

Noviana, N., & Nurcahyani, E. (2019). The Interaction Effect Between Peg, Ga3, And Salicylic Acid Treatment On The Growth Of Sweet Corn (Zea Mays Saccharata Sturt) Cultivar Bimmo. Journal of Applied Agricultural Research, 10 (Xx), X – Xx.

Novita, A., & Siregar, LA (2015). Response to Growth and Production of Rosella (Hibiscus Sabdariffa L.) in Saline Soil with Salicylic Acid and Giberellin (Ga3). Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 2 (3), 258–263.

Prasetya, Y., Astuti, YTM, & Rahayu, E. (2019). Effect of Dormancy Breaking on Mucuna Bracteata Seeds. Agromast Journal, 1 (1).

Primandari, D. (2019). Effect of Combination of Ga3 and Salicylic Acid on Germination and Sprouts Growth in Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) Kelinci Cultivars Under Aluminum Stress.

Puspita, DE, & Tambunan, SB (2018). Growth and Production Capacity of Four Groundnut (Arachis Hypogea L.) Varieties. Serambi Saintia: Journal of Science and Applications, 6 (2).

Putri, AOT, Hadisutrisno, B., & Wibowo, A. (2016). Effect of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Inoculation on Bibiit Growth and Clove Leaf Spot Disease Intensity. Journal of Forest Plant Breeding, 10 (2), 145–154.

Putri, AR (2017). Characterization of Cattleya (Cattleya Sp. Lindl.) Plantlets from Salicylic Acid Induction and Mycorrhizal Inoculation (Rhizoctonia Sp.) In Vitro.

Rahayu, A., Rahayu, MS, & Manik, SE (2020). The Role of Various N Sources on the Growth and Production of Various Groundnut Plant Varieties (Arachis Hypogaea L). Agriland Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 8 (1), 89–93.

Rahmi, N. (2017). The Relevance of the Curriculum and the Concrete Form of Arabic Learning Objectives. An Nabighoh: Journal of Arabic Language Education and Learning, 19 (1), 107–126.

Rozak, A. (2020). Effect of Manure Dose and Plant Distance on Growth and Production of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) in Saline Fields. Biofarm: Agricultural Scientific Journal, 16 (2).

Sairdama, SS (2017). Analysis of Marketing Margin for Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) Commodity in Karadiri 1 Village, Wanggar District, Nabire Regency. Fapertanak Journal: Journal of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, 2 (2), 48–587.

Santosa, BS (2010). Defatting Technology Innovation: Opportunities for Increasing Diversification of Groundnut Products in the Agricultural Industry. Agricultural Innovation Development, 3 (3), 199–211.

Santoso, AD (2017). Potential and Constraints in the Development of Sago as a Feed, Food, Energy and Environmental Sustainability in Indonesia. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 10 (2).

Sembiring, M., Sipayung, R., & Sitepu, FE (2014). Growth and Production of Groundnuts with the Compost of Empty Palm Bunches at Different Stowing Frequencies. Journal of the Agroecotechnology University of North Sumatra, 2 (2), 98329.

Simamora, L., Sebayang, T., & Hutajulu, AT (2013). Analysis of Groundnut Farming Production and Income in North Tapanuli District (Case Study: Banuaji Iv Village, Adiankoting District). Journal Of Agriculture And Agribusiness Socioeconomics, 2 (5), 15065.

Simbolon, FJ (2017). Analysis of Factors Affecting Groundnut Supply in North Sumatra. Methodagro, 3 (1), 37–44.

Siregar, SH, Mawarni, L., & Irmansyah, T. (2017). Growth and Production of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogea L.) With Several Cultivation Systems And Microbial Associations: Growth And Yield Of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogea L.) To Some Tillage And Addition Of Microbe Association. Online Journal of Agroecotechnology, 5 (1), 202–207.

Sofiana, R., & Syaban, RA (2017). Application of Biourine Fertilizer on Yield and Seed Quality of Two Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.) Varieties. Agriprima, Journal Of Applied Agricultural Sciences, 1 (1), 63–71.

Sriyanto, FB, Employee, AS, & Sunaryo, S. (2019). The Effect of the Combination of Ga3 Hormones and Silica Fertilizer on the Quality and Quantity of Upright Bean Seeds (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.). Journal of Plant Production, 7 (8).

Sugari, D., & Islami, T. (2019). Effect of Organic Fertilizer and Time of Weeding on Growth and Yield of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.). Journal of Crop Production, 6 (11).

Surya, BSLRB, Raja, LRBSL, Damanik, BSJ, & Ginting, J. (2013). The Response of Groundnut Growth and Production to Tithonia Diversifolia Organic Ingredients and Sp-36 Fertilizer. Journal of Agroecotechnology, University of North Sumatra, 1 (3), 95345.

Taluta, HE, Rampe, HL, & Rumondor, MJ (2017). Measurement of length and width of leaf stomata pores of several varieties of groundnut (Arachis Hypogaea L.). Mipa Journal, 6 (2), 1–5.

Ulhair, M., Nurhayati, N., & Jumini, J. (2018). Effect of Bioboost and Guano Fertilizer on Growth and Yield of Groundnut (Arachis Hypogeae L.). Agricultural Student Scientific Journal, 3 (4), 53–64.

Wahyusi, KN, D Skip, R., Ragilia, RP, & Kharisma, T. (2012). Groundnut Skin Charcoal Briquettes With Carbonization Process. Journal of Chemical Engineering, 6 (2), 70–73.

Yulianti, T. (2012). Exploring the Potential of Endophytes to Improve Sugarcane Plant Health to Support Increased Sugar Production. Journal of Perspectives, 11 (2), 113–123.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 53 | PDF downloads : 27


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Biosfer: Jurnal Tadris Biologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.