Internalization of Religious Values Using the Argument-Driven Inquiry Model to Improve Critical Thinking Skills during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Yeyen Siti Fitriani, Anda Juanda, Evi Roviati


This research aimed to describe students’ activities, the improvement differences of students' critical thinking skills, and explain students' responses toward the internalization of religious values using the Argument-Driven Inquiry model on reproductive system material at eleventh-grade students of MAN 1 Kuningan. The method used in this research was the quantitative method with the experimental pretest-posttest control group design. This research population was all eleventh-grade students of MAN 1 Kuningan, which consisted of eight classes, five science classes, and three social studies classes. The research sample was taken using a random sampling technique. This research sample was class XI IPA 1 as the experimental class (35 students) and XI IPA 3 as the control class (34 students). The data collection techniques employed were observation, tests, and questionnaires. The data was analyzed using SPSS v.25 software. The results obtained showed that the highest learning activity was at the data collection stage. There was an improvement in students’ critical thinking skills in the experimental class and the control class. The average N-Gain of the experimental class was 0.69, and the control class was 0.33. The sig statistical test results were 0.000 <0.655, meaning that H0 was rejected and Ha was accepted. Thus, there was a significant improvement in students' critical thinking skills between the experimental and control classes.


Internalization of religious values; Argument-driven Inquiry Model; Critical thinking skills.

Full Text:



Abdurrohman, A., & Djuniadi, D. (2016). Analysis of Mathematical Critical Thinking Ability through Station Learning Approach Metaphorical Thinking. Unnes Journal of Mathematics Education Research, 5 (2), 90–97.

Aditya, DY (2016). The Effect of the Application of Recitation Learning Methods on Students' Mathematics Learning Outcomes. SAP (Composition of Educational Articles), 1 (2).

Adnyana, GP (2012). Student Concept in Learning Cycle Model. Journal of Education and Teaching, 3, 201–209.

Adnyani, IW, Pujani, NM, & Juniartina, PP (2018). The Influence of the 7E Learning Cycle Model on Students' Critical Thinking Skills. Indonesian Journal of Education and Learning Science (JPPSI), 1 (2), 56–67.

Ajwar, M., Prayitno, BA, & Sunarno, W. (2015). The Effect of Guided Inquiry Learning and Modified Free Inquiry on Learning Achievement in Critical Thinking and Discipline of Class X MIA Students of SMA Negeri 8 Surakarta Academic Year 2014/2015. INKUIRI: Journal of Science Education, 4 (3), 127–135.

Ariyanto, SR, Lestari, IWP, Hasanah, SU, Rahmah, L., & Purwanto, DV (2020). Problem Based Learning and Argumentation as a Solution in Improving the Critical Thinking Ability of Vocational School Students. Journal of Education: Journal of Research Results and Literature Studies in the Field of Education, Teaching and Learning, 6 (2), 197–205.

Asrori, M. (2013). Definition, objectives and scope of learning strategies. Madrasah: Journal of Education and Basic Learning, 5 (2), 26.

Azhar, K., & Sa'idah, I. (2017). An analysis study of the Akidah Akhlak teacher's efforts in developing the potential moral values of students in MI in Demak Regency. Al-TA'DIB: Journal of Educational Studies, 10 (2).

Aziz, B. (2012). The mind map learning method's influence on student learning outcomes on the subject matter of vibrations and waves in class VIII SMP Negeri 12 Binjai. Journal of Unimed Physics Education, 1 (1), 51–56.

Bahri, S. (2015). Implementation of character education in overcoming moral crises in schools. Ta'allum: Journal of Islamic Education, 3 (1), 57–76.

Wake up, SY (2016). Knowledge Development for Children with Disabilities through Physical Education, Sports and Outbound. Journal of Physical Education, Health and Recreation, 1 (1), 70–77.

Brata, IB, & Sudirga, IK (2019). Megeguritan: Character Education Media for Young Generation in Facing Global Cultural Flow (Case Study in Pakraman Village, Bresela Payangan, Gianyar). Mudra Journal of Cultural Arts, 34 (2), 230–238.

Cahyono, H. (2016). Character Education: Value Education Strategies in Forming Religious Character. Ri'ayah: Journal of Social and Religious Affairs, 1 (02), 230–240.

Demircioglu, T., & Ucar, S. (2015). Investigating the effect of argument-driven inquiry in laboratory instruction. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 15 (1).

Dewi, FR, Azmi, N., & Gloria, RY (2015). The application of IMTAQ-based biology learning on the concept of ecosystems to improve student learning outcomes in Class X SMA Negeri 1 Jamblang. Scientiae Educatia: Journal of Science Education, 5 (2). Fauziah, U. (2018).

Integrated Problem Based Learning of Religious Character in Human Reproductive System Material. Journal of Informatics and Science Education, 7 (1), 91–106.

Ginanjar, MH (2017). Balance the role of parents in shaping children's character. Islamic Education: Journal of Islamic Education, 2 (03).

Haeruman, LD, Rahayu, W., & Ambarwati, L. (2017). The effect of the discovery learning model on the improvement of mathematical critical thinking skills and self-confidence in terms of the initial mathematical abilities of high school students in East Bogor. JPPM (Journal of Mathematics Research and Learning), 10 (2).

Hanif, H., Ibrohim, I., & Rohman, F. (2016). Development of biology learning tools for plantae material based on guided inquiry integrated with Islamic values to improve the conceptual understanding of high school students. Journal of Education: Theory, Research, and Development, 1 (11), 2163–2171.

Hasnunidah, N. (2013). Biology learning with argument-driven inquiry strategy and argumentation skills of students. Journal of Biology Education, State University of Malang, 5 (1), 1–29.

Hidayat, W. (2017). Adversity quotient and high school students' mathematical creative reasoning in argument-driven inquiry learning on derivative function material. KALAMATIKA: Journal of Mathematics Education, 2 (1), 15–28.

Husamah, H., Fatmawati, D., & Setyawan, D. (2017). OIDDE learning model in environmental knowledge courses to improve critical thinking skills of prospective biology teacher students. Journal of Bioeducatics, 5 (2), 73–85.

Husna Nafila, N., Azmi, N., Muspiroh, N., Kunci, K., Application,:, Biology, P., Imtaq, B., & Berfikir, K. (2016). Application of Faith and Faith-Based Biology Learning (Imtaq) on the Concept of Human Reproduction Systems to Improve Critical Thinking Skills of Class Xi Senior High School 1 Ciwaringin Students. Scientiae Educatia: Journal of Science and Science Education, 5 (2), 136–143.

Irhandayaningsih, A. (2013). Character Education in Higher Education: Responding to Moral Dependence among the Young Generation. HUMANIKA, 17 (1).

Juraini, F., Habibah, S., & Mislinawati, M. (2018). Moral Development for Students in the Learning Process at SD Negeri Unggul Lampeneurut Aceh Besar. Scientific Journal of Primary School Teacher Education Students, 3 (2).

Kautsar, A., & Edi, J. (2017). Religious Character Education, Discipline and Talent through Improving the Quality of School Infrastructure. JMKSP (Journal of Management, Leadership, and Education Supervision), 2 (2), 259–277.

Khotimah, K. (2016). Management Model for Religious Character Education at SDIT Qurrota A'yun Ponorogo. Muslim Heritage, 1 (2), 371–388.

Lestari, D., ES, SM, & Susanti, R. (2016). Development of Blended Learning Tools for Human Nervous System to Improve Critical Thinking Skills. Journal of Innovative Science Education, 5 (1), 83–93.

Lipianto, D., Budiarto, MT, Mathematics, J., Surabaya, UN, Mathematics, J., & Surabaya, UN (2013). Analysis of students' errors in solving questions related to squares and rectangles based on the solo plus taxonomy in class vii. MATHEdunesa Scientific Journal of Mathematics Education, 2 (1).

Marhamah, OS, Nurlaelah, I., & Setiawati, I. (2017). The application of the argument-driven inquiry (ADI) model in improving students' argumentative abilities on the concept of environmental pollution in class X SMA Negeri 1 Ciawigebang. Quagga: Journal of Education and Biology, 9 (02), 39–45.

Mumin, UA (2018). Tolerance Education Perspective of Islamic Religious Education (Analysis of the Content of Learning Approaches in Schools). al-Afkar, Journal For Islamic Studies, 1 (2, July), 15–26.

Muspiroh, N. (2016). Integration of Islamic values in science learning (Islamic education perspective). Journal of Islamic Education UIN Sunan Gunung Djati, 28 (3), 484–498.

Nafi'ah, I., & Prasetyo, APB (2015). Analysis of students' critical thinking habits when learning science curriculum 2013 has a scientific approach. Journal of Biology Education, 4 (1).

Nisa, K., Ashari, A., & Kurniawan, ES (2019). Development of Physics Dictate Based on Problem Based Learning to Improve Students' Critical Thinking Ability. Radiation: Periodic Journal of Physics Education, 12 (1), 20–27.

Novrizawati, F., Suyatna, A., & Fadiawati, N. (2017). The Effectiveness of the Application of the Trapi Learning Model to Foster Critical Thinking Skills. Journal of Learning Physics, 5 (1).

Okmarisa, H., Darmana, A., & Suyanti, RD (2016). The implementation of chemistry teaching materials is integrated with spiritual values with a collaborative oriented problem based learning (pbl) learning model to improve student learning outcomes. Journal of Chemical Education, 8 (2), 130–135.

Rachmayanie, R. (2017). Pre-Marital Sex as a Problem of Middle School Youth. PROCEEDING SEMINAR AND NATIONAL COUNSELING AND COUNSELING WORKSHOP 2017, 1, 248–263.

Romdoni, LN, & Malihah, E. (2020). Building Santri Character Education through the Five Spirit Islamic Boarding Schools. Journal of Islamic Religious Education Al-Thariqah, 5 (2), 13–22.

Rosyad, AM (2019). The Implementation of Multiculturalism Values through Learning of Islamic Religion Education (The Implementation Of Multiculturalism Values Through Learning Of Islamic Religion Education). Risâlah, Journal of Islamic Education and Studies, 5 (1, March), 1–18.

Rustaman, NY (2011). Science Education and Research in Developing Higher-Order Thinking Skills for Character Building. Proceeding Biology Education Conference: Biology, Science, Environmental, and Learning, 8 (1), 15–34.

Saat, S. (2015). Determinant Factors in Education (Study of Meaning and Position in Education). Al-TA'DIB: Journal of Educational Studies, 8 (2), 1–17.

Sari, EK, Ulfiana, E., & Rachmawati, PD (2012). The effect of dental brushing health education using the snake and ladder simulation game method on changes in knowledge, attitudes, and the application of brushing teeth for school-age children in SD Paron Ngawi. Indonesian Journal of Community Health Nursing, 1 (1).

Setiardi, D., & Mubarok, H. (2017). Family as a source of character education for children. Tarbawi: Journal of Islamic Education, 14 (2).

Shawmi, AN (2015). Life Skill Education in Learning Science in SD / MI. Skilled: Journal of Education and Basic Learning, 2 (2), 240–252.

Sofanudin, A. (2015). Internalization of national character values through Islamic religious education subjects at ex-RSBI High School in Tegal. Journal of SMART (Study of Society, Religion and Tradition), 1 (2).

Syafe'i, I. (2017). Islamic boarding schools: Character building educational institutions. Al-Tadzkiyyah: Journal of Islamic Education, 8 (1), 61–82.

Wahyuni, A., Tias, AAW, & Sani, B. (2013). The role of ethnomathematics in building the character of the nation. Papers of the National Seminar on Mathematics and Mathematics Education, Proceedings, Department of Mathematics Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Yogyakarta: UNY.

Widyaningsih, TS, Zamroni, Z., & Zuchdi, D. (2014). Internalization and actualization of character values in junior high school students in a phenomenological perspective. Journal of Educational Development: Foundations and Applications, 2 (2).

Wulanningsih, S., Prayitno, BA, & Probosar, R. (2012). The effect of guided inquiry learning models on science process skills in terms of the academic abilities of students of SMA Negeri 5 Surakarta. Journal of Biological Education, 4 (2), 33–43.

Zubaidah, S. (2010). Critical Thinking: Higher-Order Thinking Skills That Can Be Developed Through Science Learning. National Seminar Paper on Science with the theme of Optimizing Science to Empower Humans. Postgraduate Unisa, 16.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 105 | PDF downloads : 32


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Biosfer: Jurnal Tadris Biologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.