Environmentally Responsible Behavior and naturalist intelligence: Biology Learning to Support Sustainability


Rita Istiana, Oding Sunardi, Fachrine Herlani, Ilmi Zajuli Ichsan, Danilo V. Rogayan Jr, Md. Mehadi Rahman, Mashudi Alamsyah, Giry Marhento, Ahmad Ali, Wiwin Pramita Arif


Biology learning needs to support sustainable development. This research was a quantitative-qualitative sequential explanatory mixed research. This research aimed to obtain information about the relationship between naturalist intelligence and environmental responsibility behavior. This research was conducted in February-August 2019. Quantitative research data were obtained by using a questionnaire with a Likert scale for the variables. Qualitative research data were obtained by doing interviews and observations. Quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive statistic calculation. The data hypothesis was tested by using a correlation test with the Product Moment Pearson formula. The result of this research showed that there was a positive relationship between naturalist intelligence and environmentally responsible behavior with regress equation Ŷ = 20.331 + 0,7524X. Correlation coefficient (r) = 0.66 and determination coefficient (r²) = 43.56% meant that the interpretation value was strong. r² value means that 43.56% environmentally responsible behavior correlates by naturalist intelligence and 56.44% environmentally responsible behavior is influenced by other factors. Biology learning must have a role to be able to provide innovations related to increasing students' knowledge about the environment. This study concludes that there is a correlation between the two variables.


Naturalist Intelligence; Environmentally Responsible Behavior; Sequential Explanatory

Full Text:



Al-Rahmi, W. M., & Zeki, A. M. (2017). A model of using social media for collaborative learning to enhance learners’ performance on learning. Journal of King Saud University - Computer and Information Sciences, 29(4), 526–535. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksuci.2016.09.002

Asmuni, S., Khalili, J. M., & Zain, Z. M. (2012). Sustainable Consumption Practices of Students in an Urban Setting: A Case in Selangor. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 36(June 2011), 716–722. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.03.078

Avan, C., Aydinli, B., Bakar, F., & Alboga, Y. (2011). Preparing Attitude Scale to Define Students’ Attitudes about Environment, Recycling, Plastic and Plastic Waste. International Electronic Journal of Environmental Education, 1(3), 179–191. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/iejeegreen/issue/7905/104039

Boholano, H. B. (2017). Smart social networking: 21st century teaching and learning skills. Research in Pedagogy, 7(1), 21–29. https://doi.org/10.17810/2015.45

Bronfman, N. C., Cisternas, P. C., López-Vázquez, E., De la Maza, C., & Oyanedel, J. C. (2015). Understanding attitudes and pro-environmental behaviors in a chilean community. Sustainability, 7(10), 14133–14152. https://doi.org/10.3390/su71014133

Chander, P., & Muthukrishnan, S. (2015). Green consumerism and pollution control. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 114, 27–35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2015.02.013

Cheng, M., Wong, I. K. A., Wearing, S., & McDonald, M. (2017). Ecotourism social media initiatives in China. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 25(3), 416–432. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2016.1214141

Chouhan, S., Bhatnagar, B., Suman, & Kaur, M. (2017). Assessment of Environmental Attitude of Adolescent of Bikaner City. Studies on Home and Community Science, 11(1), 25–28. https://doi.org/10.1080/09737189.2017.1336308

Evans, G. W., Otto, S., & Kaiser, F. G. (2018). Childhood Origins of Young Adult Environmental Behavior. Psychological Science, 29(5), 679–687. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797617741894

Goldman, D., Pe’er, S., & Yavetz, B. (2017). Environmental literacy of youth movement members–is environmentalism a component of their social activism? Environmental Education Research, 23(4), 486–514. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504622.2015.1108390

Goyal, S. (2017). Developing Responsible Environmental Behaviour in Indian Adolescents : An Experimental Study. Education Quest: An Int. J. of Education and Apllied Social Science, 8(2), 431–441. https://doi.org/10.5958/2230-7311.2017.00120.9

Grosch, M., Berger, R., Gidion, G., & Romeo, M. (2014). Which media services do students use in fact? Results of an international empirical survey. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 141, 795–806. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.05.139

Hacieminoglu, E. (2016). Elementary school students’ attitude toward science and related variables. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 11(2), 35–52. https://doi.org/10.12973/ijese.2016.288a

He, X, & Liu, Y. (2018). The public environmental awareness and the air pollution effect in Chinese stock market. Journal of Cleaner Production, 185, 446–454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.02.294

He, Xuehuan, Hu, D., Swanson, S. R., Su, L., & Chen, X. (2018). Destination Perceptions , Relationship Quality , and Tourist Environmentally Responsible Behavior. Tourism Management Perspectives, 28(August), 93–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmp.2018.08.001

Honig, A. S., & Mennerich, M. (2012). What does ‘Go Green’ mean to children? Early Child Development and Care, 183(2), 171–184.

Huang, Y. C., Backman, S. J., & Backman, K. F. (2010). Student attitude toward virtual learning in second life: A flow theory approach. Journal of Teaching in Travel and Tourism, 10(4), 312–334. https://doi.org/10.1080/15313220.2010.525425

Ichsan, I. Z., & Rahmayanti, H. (2020). HOTSEP: Revised Anderson’s Taxonomy in environmental learning of COVID-19. European Journal of Educational Research, 9(3), 1257–1265. https://doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.9.3.1257

Ichsan, I. Z., Sigit, D. V., Miarsyah, M., Ali, A., Arif, W. P., & Prayitno, T. A. (2019). HOTS-AEP: Higher order thinking skills from elementary to master students in environmental learning. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(4), 935–942. https://doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.8.4.935

Ichsan, I. Z., Sigit, D. V., Miarsyah, M., Ali, A., Suwandi, T., & Titin, T. (2020). Implementation supplementary book of green consumerism: improving students hots in environmental learning. European Journal of Educational Research, 9(1), 227–237. https://doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.9.1.227

Janmaimool, P., & Khajohnmanee, S. (2018). Enhancing university students’ global citizenship, public mindedness, and moral quotient for promoting sense of environmental responsibility and pro-environmental behaviours. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 0123456789. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-018-0228-6

Juniarti, Y. (2015). Peningkatan Kecerdasan Naturalis Melalui Metode Kunjungan Lapangan (Field Trip). Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 9(2), 267–284.

Keles, R. (2012). The Quality of Life and the Environment. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 35, 23–32.

Leong, S. S. M., Mohd Said, H., Shahrill, M., & Perera, J. S. H. Q. (2016). Using lesson study to enhance meaningful understanding on the topic of pressure. International Journal of Environmental and Science Education, 11(15), 8425–8435.

Mauladin, D. (2013). The Effects of Learning Methods and Environmental Knowledge on Age 5-6 Naturalistic Intelligence ( Experiment at AR – Ridho Nature Kindergaten Group B Tembalang Semarang ). Asia Pacific Journal of Multidisciplinary Research, 1(1), 75–88.

McLean, K., Edwards, S., & Morris, H. (2017). Community playgroup social media and parental learning about young children’s play. Computers and Education, 115, 201–210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2017.08.004

Miarsyah, M., Rusdi, R., Aryani, N. D., & Ichsan, I. Z. (2019). MEBA: Development android-based ecosystem module for senior high school students. Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development, 10(8), 2114–2118. https://doi.org/10.5958/0976-5506.2019.02168.5

Moghavvemi, S., Sulaiman, A., Jaafar, N. I., & Kasem, N. (2018). Social media as a complementary learning tool for teaching and learning: The case of youtube. International Journal of Management Education, 16(1), 37–42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2017.12.001

Nugraini, S. H., Choo, K. A., Hin, H. S., & Hoon, T. S. (2013). Students’ feedback of e-av biology website and the learning impact towards biology. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 103, 860–869. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.408

Oluyinka, O. (2011). Attitude Towards Littering as A Mediator of The Relationship Between Personality Attributes and Responsible Environmental Behavior. Waste Management, 31(12), 2601–2611. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2011.08.014

Puech, C., Dougal, J., Deery, C., Waddell, C., & Mõttus, R. (2019). Openness Is Related to Proenvironmental Behavior Both Within and Across Families. Environment and Behavior, 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916519853294

Purwanto, A., Ichsan, I. Z., Gomes, P. W. P., Rahman, M. M., & Irwandani, I. (2020). ESBOR during COVID-19: Analysis students attitude for develop 21st century environmental learning. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 15(7), 20–29. https://doi.org/10.46754/jssm.2020.10.003

Qian, C., Yu, K., & Gao, J. (2019). Understanding Environmental Attitude and Willingness to Pay With an Objective Measure of Attitude Strength. Environment and Behavior, 1–32. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916519855140

Rahman, M. M. (2018). Exploring Teachers Practices of Classroom Assessment in Secondary Science Classes in Bangladesh. Journal of Education and Learning, 7(4), 274–283. https://doi.org/10.5539/jel.v7n4p274

Rahmayanti, H., Ichsan, I. Z., Azwar, S. A., Purwandari, D. A., Pertiwi, N., Singh, C. K. S., & Gomes, P. W. P. (2020). DIFMOL: Indonesian students’ Hots and environmental education model during COVID-19. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 15(7), 10–19. https://doi.org/10.46754/jssm.2020.10.002

Reyna, J., Hanham, J., & Meier, P. (2018). The Internet explosion, digital media principles and implications to communicate effectively in the digital space. E-Learning and Digital Media, 15(1), 36–52. https://doi.org/10.1177/2042753018754361

Rogayan Jr, D. V. (2019). I Heart Nature: Perspectives of University Students on Environmental Stewardship. International Journal of Engineering, Science, and Technology, 1(1), 10–16.

Rogayan Jr, D. V, & Nebrida, E. E. D. (2019). Environmental Awareness and Practices of Science Students: Input for Ecological Management Plan. International Electronic Journal of Environmental Education, 9(2), 106–119.

Samsudin, M. A., Haniza, N. H., Abdul-Talib, C., & Mhd Ibrahim, H. M. (2015). The Relationship between Multiple Intelligences with Preferred Science Teaching and Science Process Skills. Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn), 9(1), 53. https://doi.org/10.11591/edulearn.v9i1.1118

Saputri, A. C., Sajidan, S., Rinanto, Y., Afandi, A., & Prasetyanti, N. M. (2019). Improving students’ critical thinking skills in cell-metabolism learning using stimulating higher order thinking skills model. International Journal of Instruction, 12(1), 327–342. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2019.12122a

Saputro, A. D., Irwanto, Sri Atun, & Wilujeng, I. (2019). The impact of problem solving instruction on academic achievement and science process skills among prospective elementary teachers. Elementary Education Online, 18(2), 496–507. https://doi.org/10.17051/ilkonline.2019.561896

Shabani, N., Ashoori, M., Taghinejad, M., & Beyrami, H. (2013). The study of green consumers ’ characteristics and available green sectors in the market. International Research Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, 4(7), 1880–1883.

Sigit, D. V., Miarsyah, M., Komala, R., Suryanda, A., Fadrikal, R., & Ichsan, I. Z. (2019). Improvement of knowledge and attitude in conservation of mangrove and coral reefs through environmental education community network model. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1317(1), 012201. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1317/1/012201

Sigit, D. V., Miarsyah, M., Komala, R., Suryanda, A., Ichsan, I. Z., & Fadrikal, R. (2020). EECN: Analysis, potency, benefit for students knowledge and attitude to conserve mangroves and coral reefs. International Journal of Instruction, 13(1), 125–138. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2020.1318a

Siriwardena, M., Malalgoda, C., Thayaparan, M., Amaratunga, D., & Keraminiyage, K. (2013). Disaster resilient built environment: role of lifelong learning and the implications for higher education. International Journal of Strategic Property Management, 17(2), 174–187. https://doi.org/10.3846/1648715X.2013.806373

Smith, T. (2014). Elementary Science Instruction: Examining a Virtual Environment for Evidence of Learning, Engagement, and 21st Century Competencies. Education Sciences, 4(1), 122–138. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci4010122

Su, L., Hsu, M. K., & Boostrom, R. E. (2018). From recreation to responsibility : Increasing environmentally responsible behavior in tourism. Journal of Business Research, April 2018, 0–1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.12.055

Sugandini, D., Rahatmawati, I., & Arundati, R. (2018). Environmental Attitude on the Adoption Decision Mangrove Conservation : An Empirical Study on Communities in Special Region of Yogyakarta , Indonesia. Review of Integrative Business and Economics Research, 7(1), 266–275.

Takahashi, B., & Selfa, T. (2015). Predictors of Pro-Environmental Behavior in Rural American Communities. Environment and Behavior, 47(8), 856–876. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916514521208

Thapa, B. (2010). The Mediation Effect of Outdoor Recreation Participation on Environmental Attitude-Behavior Correspondence The Mediation Effect of Outdoor Recreation Participation on Environmental Attitude-Behavior Correspondence. The Journal of Environmental Education, 41(3), 133–150. https://doi.org/10.1080/00958960903439989

Veselinovska, S. S., Gudeva, L. K., & Djokic, M. (2011). The effect of teaching methods on cognitive achievement in biology studying. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 15, 2521–2527. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.04.138

Wahyuni, A., Sulaiman, & Mahmud, H. (2016). Hubungan Kecerdasan Interpersonal Siswa dengan Perilaku Verbal Bullying di SD Negeri 40 Bandar Aceh. Jurnal Pesona Dasar, 3(4), 34–42.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24042/biosfer.v11i2.7626

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 702 | PDF downloads : 293


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Biosfer: Jurnal Tadris Biologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.