Canonical Correlation Analysis of Global Climate Elements and Rainfall in the West Java Regions

https://doi.org/10.24042/djm.v3i2.5870

Arisya Maulina Bowo, iin Irianingsih, Budi Nurani Ruchjana

Abstract


Indonesia has a diversity of climate influenced by several global phenomena such as El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO), Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), and Asian-Australian Monsoon. Continuously climate changing indirectly causes a hydrometeorological disaster. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between global climate elements (ENSO, IOD, Asian-Australian Monsoon) with rainfall in the West Java regions (Bogor Regency, Bandung Regency, Sukabumi Regency, Garut Regency, and Kuningan Regency) simultaneously. The selection of the five regions was based on the natural disaster reports of Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB). The research method used was a quantitative research method through one of multivariate analysis technique called canonical correlation analysis. The results of this study indicate that there was a simultaneous relationship between global climate elements, with rainfall in the West Java regions by 0.819. The global climate element and rainfall in the West Java regions that most influenced the relationship were Asian-Austalian Monsoon and Kuningan Regency rainfall.


Keywords


Canonical Correlation; Global Climate Elements; Rainfall; Relationship; Simultaneous

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24042/djm.v3i2.5870

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