PERSPEKTIF MASLAHAH TERHADAP PERTIMBANGAN HAKIM PADA PUTUSAN PERKARA NOMOR: 1376/Pdt.G/2019/PA.Tnk TENTANG PENETAPAN HAK HADANAH KEPADA IBU KANDUNG

Jayusman Jayusman, Nurul Huda

Abstract


The protection of women and children is one of problems in the Indonesian judiciary. In the decision on Case Number: 1234/Pdt.G/2018/PA.Tnk and Number: 0014/Pdt.G/2019/PTA. Bdl which has permanent legal force regarding child custody by the Plaintiff. However, the Defendant was reluctant and did not want to implement the decision. So the Plaintiff must file a new lawsuit for the execution of the previous decision with decision number: 1376/Pdt.G/2019/PA.Tnk. The problem with this article is based on the judge's consideration of decision number: 1376/Pdt.G/2019/PA.Tnk regarding the determination of child custody to his biological mother. This research is library which is descriptive analytical. The primary data is in the form of decision number: 1376/Pdt.G/2019/PA.Tnk and is complemented by secondary data. Data were collected through documentation techniques and the analysis was carried out since the data collection process and deductively. The results of this study indicate that the judge's consideration in the case decision Number: 1376/Pdt.G/2019/PA.Tnk regarding the determination of child custody to the biological mother is based on the benefit and goodness of the child. The declarative nature of the previous decision prevented the realization of benefit values for the parties. The reason usually regarding child custody are executed voluntarily and not by force. The plaintiff seeks to obtain the power of legal execution from the previous decision by filing a new lawsuit with a comdennatoir decision, so that the child can be handed over to him to be treated as well as possible.

Keywords: Maslahah, Comdemnatoir, Declaratoin


References


Abdurrahman, Kompilasi Hukum Islam di Indonesia, Jakarta: Akademika Pressindo, 2007

Adinugraha, Hendri Hermawan dan Mashudi, al-Maslahah al-Mursalah dalam Penentuan Hukum Islam, Jurnal Ilmiah Ekonomi Islam, Vol. 4 (01), 2018, https://jurnal.stie-aas.ac.id/index.php/jei/article/view/140, Diakses tanggal 06 November 2021

Apendi, Tatang, Pemikiran Fiqih Ibn Qayyim Al- Jawziyah, Jurnal Cemerlang Volume III, Nomor 1, Juni 2015, https://ejurnal.unikarta.ac.id/index.php/cemerlang/article/view/50, diakses 15 November 2021

Yusdani, Menyimak Pemikiran Hukum Islam Satria Effendi, Jurnal Al-Mawarid Edisi XVII Tahun 2007, https://www.neliti.com/publications/42545/menyimak-pemikiran-hukum-islam-satria-effendi, diakses tanggal 06 November 2021

Asqolānī, al-, Ibnu Hajar Bulūgh ul-Marām, (Terjemahan), Bandung : Gema Risalah Pres, 1996

Firdaus, Analisis Yuridis Terhadap Putusan Pengadilan Tinggi Agama Padang Nomor 0012/Pdt.G/2015/PTA.Pdg Tentang Hak Pengasuhan Anak yang Belum Mumayyiz, Tesis, Depok: Universitas Indonesia, 2008

Firyal, Wafda, Pemberian Hak Hadanah kepada Ibu

Tiri dalam Putusan Pengadilan Agama

Sidoarjo Nomor: 0763/Pdt.G/2018/Pa.Sda Perspektif Maslahah Mursalah, Jurnal Al-Hukama Volume 09, Nomor 01, Juni 2019, https://scholar.archive.org/work/rx2w5iqb7badzcpsle5cjeg7be/access/wayback/http://jurnalfsh.uinsby.ac.id/index.php/alhukuma/article/download/759/570, diakses 06 Nopember 2021

Fitri, Nelly Layaliyal, “Eksekusi Hak Asuh Anak di Dua Wilayah Yuridiksi Prespektif Undang-Undang Perlindungan Anak No 35 tahun 2014 (Studi Putusan Nomor 1813/Pdt.G/PA.Kab.Kediri)”, Sakina: Journal of Family Studies, Volume 3 Issue 1 2019.

Hamzah, Andi, Hukum Acara Pidana, Cet.. VIII; Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2014

Harahap, M. Yahya, Hukum Acara Perdata tentang Gugatan Persidangan, Penyitaan, Pembuktian dan Putusan Pengadilan, Jakarta: Sinar Grafika, 2005

Hifni, Mohammad, Hak Asuh Anak pasca Perceraian Suami Istri dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam, Jurnal Bil Dalil Volume 1 No. 2 (Juli-Desember) 2016, http://jurnal.uinbanten.ac.id/index.php/bildalil/article/view/123, diakses tanggal 06 November 2021

Inggi A, Indira, Mulyadi, dan Yunanto, “Kajian Perolehan Hak Asuh Anak sebagai Akibat Putusnya Perkawinan karena Perceraian”, Jurnal Diponegoro Law Review, Vol. 5, Nomor 2, Tahun 2016, https://ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/dlr/article/view/11250, diakses 20 Juni 2020

Jumantoro, Totok dan Samsul Munir Amin, Kamus Ilmu Ushul Fikih, Cetakan Pertama, Jakarta: Amzah, 2005

Kamarusdiana, Najla Nurul Aini, Muhammad Ishar Helmi, Hadanah bagi Anak yang belum Mumayyiz; Perbandingan Putusan Pengadilan Agama Marabahan Nomor: 0018/Pdt.G/2017/PA.Mrb dan Putusan Pengadilan Agama Jakarta Timur Nomor: 1476/Pdt.G/2017/PA.JT, Jurnal Mizan Vol. 5 No. 2 (2021), pp. 247-260, https://www.jurnalfai-uikabogor.org/index.php/mizan/article/view/1000, diakses tanggal 15 November 2021

Khallaf, Abdul Wahab, Masdar at-Tasyīi’ al-Islāmī Fī mā Lā Nassa Fih, Cet. III, Kuwait: Dār al-Qalam, 1972

Khallaf, Abdullah Wahab, Ilmu Usūl al-Fiqh, terj. Noer Iskandar al-Bansani, Kaidah-Kaidah Hukum Islam, Cet-8 Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2002

Maghfiroh, Vevi Alfi, Diskursus Radaáh Dan Hadanah Berspektif Gender, Jurnal Equalita Vol. 2 Issue 2, Desember 2020, https://scholar.archive.org/work/tctua4rcpbdhlaup22f3q5kxny/access/wayback/https://syekhnurjati.ac.id/jurnal/index.php/equalita/article/download/7426/3413, diakses tanggal 06 November 2021

Mertokusumo Sudikno, Mengenal Hukum Suatu Pengantar, Yogyakarta: Cahaya Atma Pustaka, 2010

Mughniyyah, Muhammad Jawad, Fiqh Lima Mazhab, Masykur A.B. dkk, Al-Fiqh Ala Al-Mazāhib Al-Khamsah, Jakarta: Penerbit Lentera, 2006

Noor, Zanariah, Aplikasi Prinsip Kebajikan Kanak-Kanak Dalam Kes Hadana, Jurnal Malaysian Journal Of Syariah And Law VOL.2/2010, https://oarep.usim.edu.my/jspui/handle/123456789/4770, diakses tanggal 15 November 2021

Badrudin, Implementasi Pasal 34 Ayat 1 Uud 1945 Di Provinsi Riau(Perspektif Maqâshid Syarȋ’ah Tentang Nafkah Dan Hadanah), Jurnal Hukum Islam, Vol XIX No. 1 Juni 2019, h. 121,http://ejournal.uin-suska.ac.id/index.php/hukumislam/article/view/7459, diakses tanggal 15 November 2021

Nuruddin, Amiur dan Azhari Akmal Tarigan, Hukum Perdata Islam di Indonesia Cet.I: Jakarta: Kencana, 2004

Nuruddin, Amiur dan Azhari Akmal Tarigan, Hukum Perdata Islam di Indonesia Cet.I: Jakarta: Kencana, 2004

Jauhari, Iman Penetapan Teori Tahkim dalam Penyelesaian Sengketa Hak Anak (Hadanah) di Luar Pengadilan Menurut Hukum Islam Jurnal Asy-Syir’ah Vol. 45 No. II, Juli-Desember 2011, http://www.asy-syirah.uin-suka.com/index.php/AS/article/view/20, diakses tanggal 06 November 2021

Putra, Langgeng, Penunjukan Hak Asuh atas Anak oleh Hakim setelah Perceraian di Pengadilan Agama Padang, Tesis, Padang: UIN Imam Bonjol Padang, 2012

Putusan Perkara Nomor: 0014/Pdt.G/2019/PTA. Bdl

Putusan Perkara Nomor: 1376/Pdt.G/2019/PA.Tnk

Putusan Perkara Nomor:1234/Pdt.G/2018/PA.Tnk

Rusfi, Muhammad, Ushul al-Fiqih-1, Bandar Lampung: Seksi Penerbitan Fakultas Syari’ah IAIN Raden Intan, 2017

Sabiq, Sayyid, Fikih Sunnah , Bandung : PT. Al Maarif, 1996

Said, Ahmad Fuad, Perceraian Menurut Hukum Islam, Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Husna, 1994

Susiadi AS, Buku Daras, Ushul al-Fiqh I, Bandar Laampung: Fakultas Syari’ah IAIN Raden Intan Lampung, 2010

Syafi’i, Rahmat, Ilmu Ushul Fiqih, Cet. III, Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2007

Syarifuddin, Amir, Hukum Perkawinan Islam di Indonesia, Jakarta: Prenada Media, 2006

Syarifuddin, Amir, Ushul al-Fiqh, Jakarta: Kencana, 2009

Umam, Chaerul, Ushul al-Fiqih I , Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2000

Undang-Undang No. 23 Tahun 2002 tentang Perlindungan Anak

Undang-Undang Nomor 1 Tahun 1974 Tentang Perkawinan

Undang-Undang Nomor 35 Tahun 2014 Tentang Perubahan Atas Undang-Undang Nomor 23 Tahun 2002 tentang Perlindungan Anak

Uwaidah, Syaikh Kamil Muhammad, Fiqh Wanita, Pen: M. Abdul Ghaffar E.M, Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Kautsar, 1998

Zein, Satria Effendi M., Problematika Hukum Keluarga Islam Kontemporer, Jakarta, Kencana Prenada Media, 2004


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.24042/ijpmi.v14i2.10119

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.