Portrait of mental health literacy in schools: Knowledge exploration of counseling teachers

Ratri Pratiwi, Ainurizan Ridho Rahmatulloh, Rahimatussalisa Rahimatussalisa, Maryama Nihayah


Mental health has an important implication for every teenager's life aspect, such as an ability to take action in education, friendship, family relation, and how they will go through their next life journey. School is an ideal place to help teenagers develop their mental health conditions, and the teacher is an essential factor as the service provider. This study aims to explore the mental health knowledge of counseling teachers to help students achieve a well-being condition. The research design and analysis techniques were a qualitative survey by distributing open questionnaires online to counseling teachers in junior and senior high school. The result of the research showed that the knowledge of participants about mental health in the school was less comprehensive. Most of the responses explained the emotional aspect (35%), whereas other aspects of knowledge (cognitive, habits, self-control, and social) are lower. Besides, knowledge about mental health in the school showed 26% of participant responses related to knowledge from the health aspect, whereas knowledge from being and loving aspect was lower. Another finding of this research was that most (57%) cases often handled by the participant are teenage naughtiness cases such as bullying, smoking, and stealing. Recommendations from this research are we need psychoeducation training and mental health for counseling teachers in the school.


Counseling; counselor; mental health

Full Text:



Adelman, H. S., & Taylor, L. (2006). Mental health in schools and public health. Public Health Reports, 121(3), 294–298. https://doi.org/10.1177/003335490612100312

Aluh, D. O., Dim, O. F., & Anene-Okeke, C. G. (2018). Mental health literacy among Nigerian teachers. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry, 10(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/appy.12329

Dang, H. M., Weiss, B., Lam, T., & Ho, H. (2018). Mental health literacy and intervention program adaptation in the internationalization of school psychology for Vietnam. Psychology in the Schools, 55(8), 941–954. https://doi.org/10.1002/pits.22156

Daniszewski, D; Rodger, S. (2013). Teachers’ mental health literacy and capacity towards student mental health. Unpublished Thesis. http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/etd

Galderisi, S., Heinz, A., Kastrup, M., Beezhold, J., & Sartorius, N. (2015). Toward a new definition of mental retardation. World Psychiatry, 14(2).

Garcia-Carrion, R., Villarejo, B. C., & Villardón-Gallego, L. (2019). Children and adolescents mental health: A systematic review of interaction-based interventions in schools and communities. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(APR), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00918

Hagen, A. (2014). What are the warning signs that help might be needed? 2014(16), 1–8.

Jansen, H. (2010). Forum, qualitative social research. Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung / Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 11(2). http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/1450/2946

Jorm, A. (2000). C30. Mental health literacy. Public knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders - University College London. The British Journal of Psychiatry: The Journal of Mental Science, 177, 396–401. http://ucl-primo.hosted.exlibrisgroup.com/primo_library/libweb/action/display.do?tabs=detailsTab&ct=display&fn=search&doc=TN_medline11059991&indx=1&recIds=TN_medline11059991&recIdxs=0&elementId=0&renderMode=poppedOut&displayMode=full&frbrVersion=&dscnt=1&

Kutcher, S., Gilberds, H., Morgan, C., Greene, R., Hamwaka, K., & Perkins, K. (2015). Improving Malawian teachers’ mental health knowledge and attitudes: an integrated school mental health literacy approach. Global Mental Health, 2. https://doi.org/10.1017/gmh.2014.8

Kutcher, S., Wei, Y., & Hashish, M. (2016). Mental Health Literacy for Students and Teachers: A “School Friendly” Approach. In Positive Mental Health, Fighting Stigma and Promoting Resiliency for Children and Adolescents (pp. 161–172). https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-804394-3.00008-5

Kutcher, Stan, Wei, Y., & Morgan, C. (2015). Successful application of a Canadian mental health curriculum resource by usual classroom teachers in significantly and sustainably improving student mental health literacy. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 60(12). https://doi.org/10.1177/070674371506001209

Malla, A., Shah, J., Iyer, S., Boksa, P., Joober, R., Andersson, N., Lal, S., & Fuhrer, R. (2018). Youth Mental Health Should Be a Top Priority for Health Care in Canada. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 63(4), 216–222. https://doi.org/10.1177/0706743718758968

Marela, G., Wahab, A., & Marchira, C. R. (2017). Bullying Verbal Menyebabkan Depresi pada Remaja SMA di Kota Yogyakarta. Bkm Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health, 33, 43–48.

Miller, L., Musci, R., D’Agati, D., Alfes, C., Beaudry, M. B., Swartz, K., & Wilcox, H. (2019). Teacher Mental Health Literacy is Associated with Student Literacy in the Adolescent Depression Awareness Program. School Mental Health, 11(2), 357–363. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12310-018-9281-4

Novianty, A., & Hadjam, M. N. R. (2017). Literasi Kesehatan Mental dan Sikap Komunitas sebagai Prediktor Pencarian Pertolongan Formal. 44, 50–65. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpsi.22988

Phoeun, B., Nguyen, A. J., Dang, M. H., Tran, N. T., & Weiss, B. (2019). Assessing the Effectiveness of Teachers’ Mental Health Literacy Training in Cambodia: A Randomized Controlled Trial. VNU Journal of Science: Education Research, 35(3). https://doi.org/10.25073/2588-1159/vnuer.4279

Rowling, L., & Weist, M. (2004). Promoting the Growth, Improvement and Sustainability of School Mental Health Programs Worldwide. International Journal of Mental Health Promotion, 6(2), 3–11. https://doi.org/10.1080/14623730.2004.9721925

Venkataraman, S., Patil, R., & Balasundaram, S. (2019). The need for assessing mental health literacy among teachers: an overview. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 7(8). https://doi.org/10.18203/2320-6012.ijrms20193422

Wei, Y., Baxter, A., & Kutcher, S. (2019). Establishment and validation of a mental health literacy measurement in Canadian educators. Psychiatry Research, 279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2019.03.009

Whiteford, H. A., Degenhardt, L., Rehm, J., Baxter, A. J., Ferrari, A. J., Erskine, H. E., Charlson, F. J., Norman, R. E., Flaxman, A. D., Johns, N., Burstein, R., Murray, C. J. L., & Vos, T. (2013). Global burden of disease attributable to mental and substance use disorders: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The Lancet, 382(9904), 1575–1586. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61611-6

Whitley, J., Smith, J. D., & Vaillancourt, T. (2013a). Promoting Mental Health Literacy Among Educators: Critical in School-Based Prevention and Intervention. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 28(1), 56–70. https://doi.org/10.1177/0829573512468852

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24042/kons.v9i1.10638


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Ratri Pratiwi, Ainurizan Ridho Rahmatulloh, Rahimatussalisa, Maryama Nihayah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.