Pengaruh Terapi Suportif Keluarga Terhadap Kemampuan Keluarga Merawat Klien Gangguan Jiwa di Kecamatan Bogor Timur

Rika Damayanti, Tati Hernawaty

Abstract


Mental illness experienced by 96 people between 12,392 people in Bubulak District, West Bogor. At the same time, family knowledge and abilities are not going well, services for psychological health programs by Community Health Centers are not going well, and Family Support Groups are not there. The title of this research is the Effect of Supporting Family Groups on Family Ability in Caring for Clients with Mental Illness in Bubulak Regency, West Bogor. This study aims to obtain a comprehensive picture of the influence of the Family Support Group on the ability of families to care for clients with mental illness. The study design used a quasi-experimental pre-post trial with a control group using the intervention of the Family Support Group. The sample was selected using a single-stage cluster and consisted of 74 families with a client mental illness. This group is divided into two groups as follows: Group I (Care of family support groups, four meetings consisting of 2 weeks) and Group II (without Family Support Groups). Family cognitive abilities, affective abilities, and psychomotor abilities were assessed using a questionnaire, and then the results of the questionnaire were analyzed using the dependent t-test, independent t-test, Chi-Square, and Simple Linear Regression methods. This study shows a significant increase in family cognitive abilities, affective abilities, and psychomotor abilities in caring for clients with mental illness. The ability of the group handled by the Family Support Group is significantly and significantly improved compared to the group without the Family Support Group. It is recommended to form and to conduct a Family Support Group to families who have clients with mental illness in the community.

Keywords


Therapy; Supportive; Family; Disruption; Soul

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdul Aziz, H. (2011). Pendidikan Karakter Berpusat pada Hati. Jakarta: Al-Mawardi.

Chien, W. C. (2006, April 9). Effects of a Mutual Support Group for Families of Chinese People With Schizophrenia: 18-Months Follow-Up. Retrieved from http://bjp.rcpsych.org

Depkes , R. (2008). Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2007. Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Elizabeth, W. (1999). Coping with Sress. Retrieved from Coping with Sress: http//:www.Psycologi.Com

Friedman, M. M. (1998). Keperawatan Keluarga: Teori dan Praktek. Alih bahasa: Ina Debora R.L, dkk. Ed.3. Jakarta: EGC.

Ginanjar, G. A. (2007). Rahasia Sukses Membangun Kecerdasan Emosi dan Spiritual: ESQ. Jakarta: Arga.

Hurlock, E. (1993). Psikologi Perkembangan. Jakarta: Penerbit Airlangga.

Keliat. (2003). Disertasi. Pemberdayaan Klien dan Keluarga Dalam Perawatan Klien Skizofrenia dengan Perilaku Kekerasan di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Pusat Bogor. Jakarta.

Keliat, B., & dkk. (2006). Modul Model Praktek Keperawatan Profesional Jiwa (MPKP) Jiwa. Jakarta: WHO-FIK UI.

Kozier. (1999). Fundamental of Nursing Concepts Procces and Practice. Addison Wesley Publishing Company Inc.

Lengua, J., & Stomrmshak. (2000). Gender Roles and Personality. Retrieved from Gender: http//:www.findarticle.com

Lickona, T. (1992). Educating for Character, How Our Schools Can Teach Respect and Responsibility. New York: Bantam Books.

Lickona, T. S. (2003). CEP’s Eleven Principles of Effective Character Education. Washington, DC: Character Education Partnership.

Maramis, W. (2005). Catatan Ilmu Kedokteran Jiwa. Cetakan 9. Surabaya: Airlangga University Press.

Murthy. (2003, 9 Januari). Family Interventions and Empowerment as An Approach to Enhance Mental Health Resources in Developing Countries. . Retrieved from pubmedcentral: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov

Niven, N. (2000). Psikologi Kesehatan Pengantar untuk Perawat dan Profesi Kesehatan lain. Jakarta: EGC.

Philips, S. U. (2001). Participant structures and communicative competence: Warm Springs children in community and classroom.

Saddock, B., & Saddock, V. (2007). Kaplan and Saddock’s Synopsis of Psychiatry: Behavioral Science/Clinical Psychiatry. 10th. Ed Lippincott William & Wilkins.

Said. (2008). Hidup Makin Sulit, Gangguan Jiwa Mengintip.

Smet, B. (1994). Psikologi Kesehatan. Jakarta: Grasindo.

Stuart, G., & Laraia. (2006). Principles and Practice of Psyhiatric Nursing. (7th ed). St. Louis: Mosby Year.

Stuart, G., & Laraia, M. (1998). Principles and Practices of Psyciatric Nursing. St Lois: Mosby Inc.

Sutatminingsih, R. (2002, Januari 9). Schizophrenia. Retrieved from Schizophrenia: http://www.library.usu.ac.id/modules.php

Sylva. (2008, Januari 9). Indonesiaku. Retrieved from Indonesiaku: http://www.worldatlas.com

Taylor, C. L., & C. Le Mone.P. (1997). Fundamental of Nursing Care. Lippincott: Raven Publishers.

Townsend, C. (2005). Essentials of Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing. (3th Ed.). Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company.

Videbeck, S. (2006). Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing. (3rd Ed). Philadhelpia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Yosep, I. (2007). Keperawatan Jiwa. Cetakan pertama. . Bandung: PT.Refika Aditama.

Yusuf, S. (2004). Mental Hygiene Pengembangan Kesehatan Mental dalam Kajian Psikologi dan Agama,. Jakarta: Pustaka Bani Quraisy.




Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1093 | PDF downloads : 1414

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2014 Rika Damayanti

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


KONSELI: Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling (E-Journal) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.