Career shift and career services in college

Muhammad Munadi, Ahmad Umar


This study aims to determine the relationship between independent competency standards of students with career development, career shift trends, and the relationship between extracurricular activities and student career development in College. This research method uses document studies about the ins and outs of career development in College. I collected documents from the Guidance and Counseling Implementation Guidelines in Formal Education published by the Directorate General of Teachers and Education Personnel of the Ministry of Education and Culture in 2016, publications related to career development, and publications from McKinsey. It analyzed the data using descriptive qualitative analysis. The result of this research is that the standard of self-reliance competence has been optimized integratively by institutions in College through career service activities. These activities are extracurricular, co-curricular, extracurricular cooperation between lecturers. It can carry activities in College to prepare students to face the trend of shifting community careers at the local, national, and global levels.


Career development; Career shifting; Extracurricular; Independent competency standards

Full Text:



Abelha, M., Fernandes, S., Mesquita, D., Seabra, F., & Ferreira-Oliveira, A. T. (2020). Graduate Employability and Competence Development in Higher Education—A Systematic Literature Review Using PRISMA. Sustainability, 12(15), 5900.

Acar, Z., & Gündüz, N. (2017). Participation Motivation for Extracurricular Activities: Study on Primary School Students. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 5(5), 901–910.

Adzikri, F. (2017). Implementasi Pendidikan Karakter Dalam Penguatan Pendidikan Oleh Resimen Mahasiswa Satuan 126 Muhawarman Melalui Cagar Budaya Radio Ybj-6 Pdri. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Program Pascasarjana Universitas PGRI Palembang.

Araque, F., Roldán, C., & Salguero, A. (2009). Factors influencing university drop out rates. Computers & Education, 53(3), 563–574.

Arranz, N., Ubierna, F., Arroyabe, M. F., Perez, C., & Fdez. de Arroyabe, J. C. (2017). The effect of curricular and extracurricular activities on university students’ entrepreneurial intention and competences. Studies in Higher Education, 42(11), 1979–2008.

bin Salahudin, S. N., binti Baharuddin, S. S., Abdullah, M. S., & Osman, A. (2016). The effect of Islamic work ethics on organizational commitment. Procedia Economics and Finance, 35, 582–590.

Carlton, A., Korberg, R., Pike, D., & Seldon, W. (2016). The freedom, insecurity, and future of independent work. Stanford Social Innovation Review. December.

Casanova, J. R., Cervero Fernández-Castañón, A., Núñez Pérez, J. C., Almeida, L. S., & Bernardo Gutiérrez, A. B. (2018). Factors that determine the persistence and dropout of university students. Psicothema, 30.

Cimatti, B. (2016). Definition, development, assessment of soft skills and their role for the quality of organizations and enterprises. International Journal for Quality Research, 10(1).

Das, K., Wibowo, P., Chui, M., Agarwal, V., & Lath, V. (2019). Automation and the future of work in Indonesia Jobs lost, jobs gained, jobs changed. McKinsey & Company.

Devinatz, V. G. (2019). Introduction to “Independent Workers: Growth Trends, Categories, and Employee Relations Implications in the Emerging Gig Economy.” Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 31(1), 61–62.

Díaz-Iso, A., Eizaguirre, A., & García-Olalla, A. (2019). Extracurricular activities in higher education and the promotion of reflective learning for sustainability. Sustainability, 11(17), 4521.

Elklisy, N. T. (2017). The Impact of Extracurricular Activities in Egyptian Colleges on the Job Market. The Undergraduate Research Journal, 5(1), 25–54.

Fowler, M. (2003). Student retention problems in higher education in a developing country. Directorate Strategic Planning. Tshwane University of Technology, South Africa.

Ginosyan, H., Tuzlukova, V., & Ahmed, F. (2020). An Investigation into the Role of Extracurricular Activities in Supporting and Enhancing Students’ Academic Performance in Tertiary Foundation Programs in Oman. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 10(12), 1528–1534.

Grugulis, I., Wilkinson, A., Bacon, N., Snell, S., & Lepak, D. (2019). Training, development and skills. The SAGE Handbook of Human Resource Management, 151–163.

Han, A., & Kwon, K. (2018). Students’ Perception of Extracurricular Activities: a Case Study. Journal of Advances in Education Research, 3(3), 131–141.

Heery, E., & Noon, M. (2008). A dictionary of human resource management. OUP Oxford.

Indonesia, S. (2018). Badan pusat statistik. BPS-Statistics Indonesia.

Jiang, J. (2019). Research on the Necessity of Career Planning Education for Freshmen. 2018 International Workshop on Education Reform and Social Sciences (ERSS 2018), 575–578.

Kemendikbud, R. I. (2006). Standar kompetensi lulusan untuk satuan pendidikan dasar dan menengah. Jakarta: Kemendikbud RI.

Kim, J., & Bastedo, M. N. (2017). Athletics, clubs, or music? The influence of college extracurricular activities on job prestige and satisfaction. Journal of Education and Work, 30(3), 249–269.

Manyika, J., Lund, S., Bughin, J., Robinson, K., Mischke, J., & Mahajan, D. (2016). Independent work: Choice, necessity, and the gig economy. McKinsey Global Institute, 2016, 1–16.

Manyika, J., Lund, S., Chui, M., Bughin, J., Woetzel, J., Batra, P., Ko, R., & Sanghvi, S. (2017). Jobs lost, jobs gained: Workforce transitions in a time of automation. McKinsey Global Institute, 150.

Montacute, R., & Holt-White, E. (2021). Research Brief: February 2021: Covid-19 and the University Experience.

Moran, J. (2017). The impact of extracurricular activity on teacher job satisfaction.

Munadi, M. (2020). Manajemen Pendidikan Tinggi Di Era Revolusi Industri 4.0.

Naikare, V. R., Kale, P., Kanade, A. B., Mankar, S., Pund, S., & Khatake, S. (2015). Thought stopping activity as innovative trend to deal with stresses. Journal of Psychiatric Nursing, 4(2), 63.

Novakovic, E. (2014). Transferable skills in higher education: the contribution of extracurricular activity participation. University of Birmingham.

Oigo, M. L. A., & Kaluyu, V. (2016). Effect of career guidance on university students’ readiness to make career choices: A case of selected private university students in Kenya. International Journal of Education and Research 4 (7) 517, 526.

Orellana, N. (2015). Extending the Scope: Career Guidance in Higher Education. Global University Network for Innovation (GUNI).

Pinto, L. H., & Ramalheira, D. C. (2017). Perceived employability of business graduates: The effect of academic performance and extracurricular activities. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 99, 165–178.

Rimonda, R., Bulantika, S. Z., Latifah, H., & Khasanah, I. (2020). The Influence of Cinematherapy Against Academic Anxiety in Students. Jurnal Inspirasi Pendidikan, 10(1), 57–62.

Roulin, N., & Bangerter, A. (2013). Students’ use of extra-curricular activities for positional advantage in competitive job markets. Journal of Education and Work, 26(1), 21–47.

Saibovich, S. A. (2019). Extracurricular activities: Success and development of communication skills with the role of parents, public and home work. International Journal of Management Science and Business Administration, 6(1), 21–26.

Sidiropoulou-Dimakakou, D., Argyropoulou, K., Drosos, N., Kaliris, A., & Mikedaki, K. (2016). Exploring career management skills in higher education: Perceived self-efficacy in career, career adaptability and career resilience in Greek university students. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 14(2).

Te Wierik, M. L. J., Beishuizen, J., & Van Os, W. (2015). Career guidance and student success in Dutch higher vocational education. Studies in Higher Education, 40(10), 1947–1961.

Weber, M., & Kalberg, S. (2013). The Protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. Routledge.

You, J. W. (2020). The Relationship Between Participation in Extracurricular Activities, Interaction, Satisfaction With Academic Major, and Career Motivation. Journal of Career Development, 47(4), 454–468.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Muhammad Munadi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.