Sufi Authority in “Post-Modern” Muslim Societies

https://doi.org/10.24042/klm.v14i1.5908

Irina R. Katkova

Abstract


While the beginning of the 21st century demonstrated the emergence of various distinctive styles of Sufism, the existing studies of Sufi practice and discourse in various countries across the world illustrate how social modern forms and techniques are now among the conditions of possibility for a great many movements that are concerned to extend the Islamic tradition, traditions of practice and piety. Yet, modern scholarship represents relatively little known area of Sufi leadership tradition as well as the role of shaykh as a mediating agent in Muslim societies. Fulfilling this scientific gap, this paper is aimed at examining the ways in which we could better understand the role of Sufi shaykh and the production of their authorities in post-modern Muslim societies. In doing so, the paper gives ample emphasis on theoretical discussion about tradition in mystical Islam, and about the ways in which such tradition gives influence to the mediating role played by a Sufi shaykh in society, with a particular case study of the Naqshbandiyah tradition in West Sumatra, Indonesia. This paper reveals the important dimension of traditions of how Sufi shaykhs practice the ideal of Prophet as spiritual masters, within the regional form of Islam, or as mediating shaykhs today, that enable Muslims to pursue a spiritual path within the conflicting situations and pressure of modern life. 


Keywords


Sufy Authority; Islamic Tradition; Mediating Shaykh; Mystical Islam;

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adorno, Theodor W. “On Tradition.” Telos Vol. 1992, no. 94 (1992): 75–82.

Al-Qushairy, Abu al-Qasim. Al-Quhsayri’s Epistle On Sufism (Al-Risala al-Qushairiyya Fil Ilm al-Tasawwuf). Translated by Alexander D. Knysh. UK: Garnet Publishing, 2007.

Asad, Talal. The Idea of an Anthropology of Islam. Occasional Paper Series. Washington, D.C.: Georgetown University Center for Contemporary Arab Studies, 1986.

Berger, P.L., ed. The Desecularization of the World Resurgent Religion and World Politics. Washington, 1999.

Bruinessen, Martin van. . “. ‘After the Days of Abu Qubays: Indonesian Transformations of the Naqsyabadiyya-Khalidiyya.’” Journal of the History of Sufism, 2007.

Buehler, Arthur F. Sufi Heirs of the Prophet. The Indian Naqshbandiyya and the Rise of Mediating Shaykh. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publisher Pvt. Ltd, 2015.

Bulliet, Richard W. The Patricians of Nishapur: A Study in Medieval Islamic Social History. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1972.

Curry, John J. The Transformation of Muslim Mystical Thought in the Ottoman Empire: The Rise of the Halveti Order, 1350-1650. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University press, 2010.

Ernst, Carl W. Shambhala Guide to Sufism. Boston, Mass. [u.a.]: Shambhala, 2008.

Gellner, Ernest. Muslim Society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Harman, Graham. Heidegger Explained: From Phenomenon to Thing. Chicago and LaSalle, IP: Open Court, 2007.

Hodgson, Marshal G.S. The Venture of Islam: Conscience and History in a World Civilization. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1974.

Knysh, Alexander. “Devinitions of Sufism as a Meeting Place of Eastern and Western ‘Creative Imaginations.’” In Sufism East and West: Mystical Islam and Cross-Cultural Exchange in the World, edited by Jamal Malik. Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2019.

Laffan, Michael. “National Crisis and the Representation of Traditional Sufism in Indonesia: The Periodicals Salafy and Sufi.” In Sufism and the Modern in Islam, edited by Martin van Bruinessen and Julia Day Howell. New York: I.B Tauris & Co. Ltd, 2013.

Levtzion, N, and John O. Voll. Eighteenth-Century Renewal and Reform in Islam. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1987.

Lindholm, Charles. The Islamic Middle East: An Historical Anthropology. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell, 1996.

Macintyre, Alasdair. After Virtue. Notre Dame, Indiana: University of Notre Dame Press, 2007.

Nasr, Seyeed Hossein. Islamic Science and Western Science – Common Heritage, Diverse Destinies. In ‘In Quest of the Sacred. The Modern World in the Light of Tradition” Ed. S.H. Nasr and K. O’Brien. Oakton: The Foundation for Traditional Studies, 1994.

Ridgeon, Lloid. “Introduction.” In Sufis and Salafis in the Contemporary Age, edited by Lloid Ridgeon. London & New York: Bloomsbury, 2015.

Silverstein, B. “‘Sufism and Govern Mentality in the Late Ottoman Empire’, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East” 29, no. 2 (2009).

Weber, M. The Social Psychology of the World’s Religions. In ‘Essays in Sociology.’ New York: Oxford University Press, 1946.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24042/klm.v14i1.5908

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 223 | PDF downloads : 118

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 KALAM

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

KALAM [p-ISSN: 0853-9510, e-ISSN: 2540-7759] published by Faculty of Ushuluddin and Religious Study, State Islamic University of Raden Intan Lampung, INDONESIA

Office: Gedung Dekanat Lama Lt. 2, Fakultas Ushuluddin dan Studi Agama, Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung. Jl. Letkol H. Endro Suratmin, Sukarame, Bandar Lampung, Lampung, INDONESIA, KP. 34513. Website: http://ejournal.radenintan.ac.id/index.php/kalam, email: kalam@radenintan.ac.id