Structure, morphology, and optical properties of ZnO:Mg thin film prepared by sol-gel spin coating method

https://doi.org/10.24042/jipfalbiruni.v10i2.7239

Budi Astuti, Putut Marwoto, Azizah Zhafirah, Nur Hamid, Didik Aryanto, Sugianto Sugianto, Sulhadi Sulhadi, Ngurah Made Dharma Putra, Fianti Fianti

Abstract


This research was conducted to analyze the Mg doping concentration effect on the structure, morphology, and optical properties of ZnO thin film prepared using the sol gel spin coating method. The Mg concentration was varied in the mole fraction of 1%, 3%, and 5%. Firstly, ZnO: Mg solution was dropped on a substrate and grown with a rotating speed of 3000 rpm and then annealed at 500 °C for 2 hours. The characterization of thin films' structure, morphology, and optical properties was done using XRD, FESEM, EDX, and UV-VIS spectrophotometer. XRD result showed a polycrystalline structure with three dominant peaks of (100), (002), and (101) plane, hexagonal wurtzite structures. Furthermore, the crystallite size was increased with the increase of Mg doping. FESEM results showed that the 5% ZnO: Mg thin film was the densest and least void from other films. In addition, the results of UV-Vis-NIR analysis showed the highest absorption value at a wavelength of 360-370 nm. The bandgap energy increased at 1% and 3% Mg doping samples but decreased by 5% Mg doping comes from the excess of oxygen in thin film with 5% Mg doping.


Keywords


ZnO:Mg thin film, sol-gel method, structure, morphology, optical property

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abed, C., Bouzidi, C., Elhouichet, H., Gelloz, B., & Ferid., M. (2015). Mg doping induced high structural quality of Sol-Gel ZnO nanocrystals: Application in photocatalysis. Applied Surface Science, 349, 855-863.

Abed C., Fernandes S., Aouida S., Elhouichet H., Priego F., Castro Y., Gomes-Mancebo M.M., & Munuera G. (2020). Processing and study of optical and electrical properties of (Mg, Al) co-doped ZnO thin films prepared by RF magnetron sputtering for photovoltaic application. Materials. 13(9), 1-12

Al-ghamdi, A. A., Al-hartomy, O. A., Okr, M. El, Nawar, A. M., El-gazzar, S., El-tantawy, F., & Yakuphanoglu, F. (2014). Semiconducting properties of Al doped ZnO thin films. Spectrochimica Acta Part A : Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy. 131, 512–517.

Aryanto, D., Marwoto, P., Sudiro, T., Birowosuto, M. D., Sugianto, & Sulhadi. (2016). Structure evolution of zinc oxide thin films deposited by unbalance DC magnetron sputtering. AIP Conference Proceedings, 1729, 1-6.

Astuti, B., Sugianto, Mahmudah, S. N., Zannah, R., Putra, N. M. D., Marwoto, P., Aryanto, D., & Wibowo, E. (2018). Structural and morphological study on ZnO:Al thin films grown using DC magnetron sputtering. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 983(1), 1-6.

Astuti, B., Zhafirah, A., Carieta, V. A., Hamid, N., Marwoto, P., Sugianto, Nurbaiti, U., Ratnasari, F. D., Putra, N. M. D., & Ariyanto, D. (2020). X-ray diffraction studies of ZnO : Cu thin films prepared using sol-gel method. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1567(1), 1-6.

Baig F., Asif A. Ashraf M.W., & Fahad HM. (2021). Tailoring of optical, hydrophobic and anti ising properties of Ca, Mg codoped ZnO thin films via sol gel method. Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology. 97(3), 706 -720.

Behpour, M., Mehrzad, M., & Hosseinpour-Mashkani, S. (2015). TiO2 thin film: Preparation, characterization, and its photocatalytic degradation of basic yellow 28 Dye. Journal of Nanostructures, 5(2), 183–87.

Bhadane, H., Samuel, E., & Gautam, D. K. (2014). Influence of post annealing on sol-gel deposited ZnO thin films. Surface Review and Letters, 21(4), 1–6.

Chung, C. H., Song, T. Bin, Bob, B., Zhu, R., Duan, H. S., & Yang, Y. (2012). Silver nanowire composite window layers for fully solution-deposited thin-film photovoltaic devices. Advanced Materials, 24(40), 5499–5504.

Dalavi, D., Mahavidyalay, K., Budruk, R., Devan, R. S., & Patil, R. (2013). Efficient electrochromic performance of nanoparticulate WO3 thin films. Journal of Materials Chemistry C, 1(23), 3722–3728.

Fang, D., Lin, K., Xue, T., Cui, C., Chen, X., Yao, P., & Li, H. (2014). Influence of Al doping on structural and optical properties of Mg – Al co-doped ZnO thin films prepared by sol – gel method. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 589, 346–352.

Gahtar, A., Rahal, A., Benhaoua, B., & Benramache, S. (2014). A comparative study on structural and optical properties of ZnO and Al-doped ZnO thin films obtained by ultrasonic spray method using different solvents. Optik - International Journal for Light and Electron Optics, 123(14), 3674-3678.

Hacini, N., Ghamnia, M., Dhamni, M.A., Boukhachem, A., Pireaux, J.J. & Houssiau, L. (2021). Compositional, structural, morphological and optical properties of ZnO thin films prepared by PECVD technique. Coating. 11(202), 1-11.

Haidar A.J., Jabbar A.A., & Ali G.A. (2021). A review of pure and undoped ZnO nanostructure production and its optical properties using pulsed laser deposition technique. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 1975(1), 1-12.

Hashim, N. H., Subramani, S., Devarajan, M., & Ibrahim, A. R. (2017). Properties of undoped ZnO and Mg doped ZnO thin films by sol-gel method for optoelectronic applications. Journal of the Australian Ceramic Society, 53(2), 421–31

Hori, S., & Mizuno, K. (2012). Sheet structure, method of manufacturing sheet structure, and electronic device. Patent Application Publication, 10, 1-10.

Huang, K., Tang, Z., Zhang, L., Yu, J., Lv, J., Liu, X., & Liu, F. (2012). Preparation and characterization of Mg-doped ZnO thin films by sol–gel method Kai. Applied Surface Science Jou, 258(8), 3710–3713.

Idris M.S. & Subramani S. (2020). Performance analisis of MgO/ZnO multilayer thin film as heat spreader on Al substrate for high power LED thermal management applications. Journal of materials science:Material in Electeronics, 31, 15976-15990 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10854-020-04159-z.

Kasi G. & Seo J. (2021). Influence of Mg doping on the structural, morphological, optical, thermal and visilbe light responsive antibacterial properties of ZnO nanoparticles synthesized via coprecipitation method. Science and Engineering C, 98, 717-725.

Kim, J., Son, D., Kim, J., Son, D., Park, S., Kim, D., Sung, S., & Jung, E. (2012). Effects of Ti addition on sol-gel derived InO and InZnO thin film transistors Effects of Ti addition on sol-gel derived InO and InZnO thin fi lm transistors. Current Applied Physics, 12, e24–e28.

Kulandaisamy, A. J., Reddy, J. R., Srinivasan, P., Babu, K. J., Mani, G. K., Shankar, P., & Rayappan, J. B. B. (2016). Room temperature ammonia sensing properties of ZnO thin films grown by spray pyrolysis: Effect of Mg doping. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 688, 422–29.

Lad U.D., Kokode N.S., Deore M.B. & Tupe U.J. (2021). MgO incorporated ZnO nanostructured binary oxide thin films ethanol gas sensing. International journal of scientific development and resaerch, 6(1), 135 - 142.

Lin W.Y., Chien F.T., Chiu H.C. Sheu J.K., & Hsueh K.Po. (2021). Effect of thermal annealing on the properties of Zirconium doped MgxZn1-xO film obtained through redio frequency magnetron sputtering. Membrane, 11(5), 1-8.

Li Z., Li J., Lei J., Xiong M., Wang N., & Zhang S. (2021) First principles study of structure, electrical and optical properties of Al and Mo co-doped ZnO. Vacuum, 186, 1-10.

Lekoui F., Hassani S., Ouchabani M., Akkari H. Dargham D., Filali W., & Garoudja E. (2021). Elaboration and characterization of Mg doped ZnO thin films by thermal evaporation nanelaing temperature effect. Brizilian Journal of Physics, 51, 544-554.

Mia, M. N. H., Pervez, M. F., Hossain, M. K., Reefaz Rahman, M., Uddin, M. J., Al Mashud, M. A., Ghosh, H. K., & Hoq, M. (2017). Influence of Mg content on tailoring optical bandgap of Mg-doped ZnO thin film prepared by sol-gel method. Results in Physics, 7, 2683–2691.

Pandey A., Dalal S., Dutta S., & Dixit A. (2021). Structural characterization of polycrystalline thin film by X-ray diffraction technique. J. Mater Sci: Mater Electron, 32, 1341-1368.

Ponja S.D., Sathasivaw S., Parkin I.P. & Carmalt C.J., 2020. Highly Conductive and transparent gallium doped zinc oxide thin films via chemical vapor deposition. Scientific report, 10, 1-7.

Pham A.T.T., Ngoc Vo P.T., Thi Ta H.K. Lai H.T., Tran V.C. Doan T.L.H., Duong A.T., Lee C.T., Nair P.K., Zulueta Y.A., Phan T.B., & Luu S.D.N. (2021). Improved thermoelectric power factor achieved by energy filtering in ZnO:Mg/ZnO structure. Thin Solid films, 721, 1-7

Pradeev raj, K., Sadaiyandi, K., Kennedy, A., Sagadevan, S., Chowdhury, Z. Z., Johan, M. R. Bin, Aziz, F. A., Rafique, R. F., Thamiz Selvi, R., & Rathina bala, R. (2018). Influence of Mg doping on ZnO nanoparticles for enhanced photocatalytic evaluation and antibacterial analysis. Nanoscale Research Letters, 13(229), 1-13.

Priscilla S.J. Daniel R., Dhakshayani Y., Caroline S.C., & Sivaji K. (2021). Effect of magnesium dopant on the structural, morphological, and electrical properties of ZnO nanoparticel by sol gel method. Material Today: Proceeding, 36(4), 793-796.

Romero, R., Leinen, D., Dalchiele, E. A., Ramos-barrado, J. R., & Martín, F. (2006). The effects of zinc acetate and zinc chloride precursors on the preferred crystalline orientation of ZnO and Al-doped ZnO thin films obtained by spray pyrolysis. Thin Solid Films, 515(4), 1942–1949.

Sharma, A., Tomar, M., & Gupta, V. (2011). Sensors and actuators B: Chemical SnO 2 thin film sensor with enhanced response for NO 2 gas at lower temperatures. Sensors & Actuators: B. Chemical, 156(2), 743–752.

Siregar, N., Moltan & Panggabean, J. (2020). The effect magnesium (Mg) on stuctural and optical properties of ZnO:Mg thin film by sol gel spin coating method. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 14266, 1-6.

Siregar N., Moltan, Panggabean, J.H., Sirait M., Rajagukguk J. Gultom N.S., & Sabir F.K. (2021). Fabrication of Dye sensitized solar cell (DSSC) using Mg doped ZnO as photoanode and extract of rose myrtle (rhodomyrtus tomentosa) as natural dye. International Journal of Photoenergy, 2021, 1-7.

Sugianto, Zannah, R., Mahmudah, S. N., Astuti, B., Putra, N. M. D., AA WIbowo, Marwoto, P., Ariyanto, D., & Wibowo, E. (2016). Pengaruh temperatur annealing pada sifat listrik film tipis zinc oksida doping aluminium oksida. Jurnal MIPA, 39(2), 115–122.

Sulhadi, Marwoto, P., Sugianto, & Wibowo, E. (2015). Variasi suhu deposisi pada struktur, sifat optik dan listrik film tipis seng oksida dengan doping galium (ZnO:Ga). Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia, 11(1), 93–99.

Tonglem s., Sksri C., Pengpat K., Rujijanagul G., Eitssayeam s., Intatha U. & Tunkasiri T. (2016). Tuning the band gap of ZnO thin film by Mg doping. Key Engineering Material, 690, 131 - 136.

Vaishnav, V. S., Patel, S. G., & Panchal, J. N. (2015). Sensors and actuators B : Chemical development of ITO thin film sensor for detection of benzene. Sensors & Actuators: B. Chemical, 206, 381–388.

Xia, N., & Gerhardt, R. A. (2016). Fabrication and characterization of highly transparent and conductive indium tin oxide fi lms made with different solution-based methods. Materials Research Express, 3(11), 1–11.

Xiang, H.-Y., Li, Y.-Q., Zhou, L., Xie, H.-J., Li, C., Ou, Q.-D., Chen, L.-S., Lee, C.-S., Lee, S.-T., & Tang, J.-X. (2015). Outcoupling-enhanced Flexible Organic Light-Emitting diodes on ameliorated plastic substrate with. American Chemical Society, 9(7), 7553-7562

Yuechan Li, Young Li & An Xie. (2021). Synthesis and optical properties of B-Mg codoped ZnO nanoparticles. Coatings, 11(882), 1-10.

Zhang, L. Q., Ye, Z. Z., Huang, J. Y., Lu, B., He, H. P., Lu, J. G., Zhang, Y. Z., Jiang, J., Zhang, J., Wu, K. W., & Zhang, W. G. (2011). Fabrication and properties of p-type K doped Zn1 − xMgxO thin film Fabrication and properties of p-type K doped Zn 1 − x Mg x O thin film. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509(27), 7405–7409.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24042/jipfalbiruni.v10i2.7239

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 217 | PDF downloads : 71

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License

Jurnal ilmiah pendidikan fisika Al-Biruni is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Copyright © Physics Education Department, Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampunge-ISSN 2503-023X