ANALISIS PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA PADA SEKOLAH DASAR YANG MENERAPKAN PENDEKATAN PMRI DAN SEKOLAH DASAR YANG TIDAK MENERAPKAN PENDEKATAN PMRI DI KOTA YOGYAKARTA

https://doi.org/10.24042/terampil.v1i1.1306

HASAN SASTRA NEGARA

Abstract


The aims of this study were describing the process of mathematics learning and its problem solving for primary III students whom school was applying PMRI approach and non applying PMRI approach (Realistic Mathematics Education in Indonesia). This research was a qualitative case study type. The subject of this study divided into 2, which were: subject for searching information about learning process and subject for searching information about problem solving. Subject in this study were 2 primary teachers, 1 teacher from SD “A” Demangan Baru and 1 teacher from SD “B” Demangan, another subject were  4 students, 2 students from SD “A” Demangan Baru and 2 students from SD “B” Demangan. The data was divided into 2, which were learning process data that contain about teacher and student activities in learning and mathematical problem solving data that contain about information problem solving in mathematics. Learning process data was collected from recording transcription result of learning activities toward two observations, while mathematical problem solving data was collected by using the think aloud method. The results revealed that the teaching and learning process at the school which apply PMRI approach began with providing contextual problems. The student do mathematical mathematization even though with simple language and symbols. Students construct their own knowledge and teacher was as the facilitator. However, the process of interweaving one material to another was still not observed yet. In the process of teaching and learning at non-PMRI school, teacher began the teaching and learning process by explaining homework. There was no activity of solving problems in group. Students solved a problem by using the way that their teacher teaches them and the skill was developed based on the example and exercises. The problem solving skill of students who have high ability at school which applied PMRI approach was better than that of students who have high ability at school which did not apply PMRI approach. However, the problem solving skill of students who have low ability at school which applied PMRI approach is not better than that of students who have low ability at school which did not apply PMRI approach

Keywords


Learning process; PMRI approach; problem solving

References


Anh. L.T. 2006. Applying Realistic Mathematics Education in Vietnam. Teaching Middle School Geometry. Disertation of Postdam University. Postdam.

Arifin, Zainal. 2008. Meningkatkan Motivasi Berprestasi. Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah. dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas IV SD melalui Pembelajaran Matematika Realistik dengan Strategi Kooperatif. Disertasi Doktor SPs Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. tidak diterbitkan. Bandung.

Gravemeijer. K. 1994. Developing Realistic Mathematics Education. Freudenthal Institute. Utrecht.

Hadi, Sutarto. 2005. Pendidikan Matematika Realistik dan Implementasinya. Tulip. Banjarmasin.

Kesumawati, Nila. 2010. Peningkatan kemampuan pemahaman. pemecahan masalah. dan disposisi matematis siswa SMP melalui pendekatan Pendidikan Matematika Realistik. Disertasi Doktor PPS UPI Bandung. tidak diterbitkan. Bandung.

Kwon, O. N. 2002. Conceptualizing The Realistic Mathematics Education. International conference on the teaching of mathematics (at the undergraduate level)(2nd. Hersonissos. Crete. Greece. July 1-6. 2002); see SE 066 909.

Marpaung, Y. 2007. Matematisasi Horizontal dan Matematisasi Vertikal. Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Vol.1. No.1 Januari 2007. PPs UNSRI.

NCTM. 2000. Defining Problem Solving. [Online]. Tersedia. http.//www.learner.org/channel/courses/teachingmath/gradesk2/session 03/sectio 03 a.html. [19 September 2012]

Yenni B.Widjaja dan Heck. A. 2003. How a Realistic Mathematics Education Approach and Microcomputer-Based Laboratory Worked in Lessons on Graphing at an Indonesian Junior High School. Journal of science and mathematics Education in Southeast Asia. vol.26.No.2. pp. 1-51.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24042/terampil.v1i1.1306

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 290 | PDF (Bahasa Indonesia) downloads : 992

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.






________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Creative Commons License
TERAMPIL is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licensep-ISSN 2355-1925e-ISSN 2580-8915

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

 

       

 Indonesia One Search