Removing BOD, COD, and Decolorization of Batik Cual Wastewater using Fenton Mechanism

Rika Favoria Gusa, Diana Novita Sari, Fitri Afriani, Wahri Sunanda, Yuant Tiandho


During the production of batik cual, thick-colored wastewater is produced. Unfortunately, the wastewater could damage the environment if it is disposed of without specific processing. The Fenton method is an advanced oxidation process (AOPs) that can degrade organic dyes found in liquid waste. In this research, the researchers studied the Fenton mechanism's application to the batik cual wastewater treatment. The Fenton's reagent used was H2O2 with FeSO4.7H2O. Some of the experimental wastewater treatment parameters were the values of biological oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), the degradation efficiency of difficult to decompose organic materials, and the color degradation efficiency in batik cual wastewater. The results show that the Fenton mechanism’s efficiency of removing color from batik cual wastewater is up to 97.8%, COD and BOD removal efficiencies are 76.3% and 75.2%, and the degradation efficiency of difficult to decompose organic matter is 76.8%. Also, the researchers found that the higher amounts of FeSO4.7H2O increase the removal parameters effectiveness. Therefore, the Fenton mechanism can effectively improve the quality of wastewater in batik cual production.


Batik; Fenton mechanism; Textile; Wastewater

Full Text:



Atima, W. (2015). BOD dan COD sebagai parameter pencemaran air dan baku mutu air limbah. Jurnal Biology Science & Education, 4(1), 83–93.

Ayan, S., Furqon, C., & Sultan, M. A. (2018). Business model canvas analysis on cual weaving industry. The International Journal of Business Review (The Jobs Review), 1(2), 129–136.

Babaei, A. A., Kakavandi, B., Rafiee, M., Kalantarhormizi, F., Purkaram, I., Ahmadi, E., & Esmaeili, S. (2017). Comparative treatment of textile wastewater by adsorption, Fenton, UV-Fenton and US-Fenton using magnetic nanoparticles-functionalized carbon (MNPs@C). Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 56(July 2017), 163–174.

Bhatia, D., Sharma, N. R., Singh, J., & Kanwar, R. S. (2017). Biological methods for textile dye removal from wastewater: A review. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology, 47(19), 1836–1876.

Burakov, A. E., Galunin, E. V., Burakova, I. V., Kucherova, A. E., Agarwal, S., Tkachev, A. G., & Gupta, V. K. (2018). Adsorption of heavy metals on conventional and nanostructured materials for wastewater treatment purposes: A review. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 148(2), 702–712.

Buthiyappan, A., & Abdul Raman, A. A. (2019). Energy intensified integrated advanced oxidation technology for the treatment of recalcitrant industrial wastewater. Journal of Cleaner Production, 6(30), 1025–1040.

Buthiyappan, A., Abdul Raman, A. A., & Daud, W. M. A. W. (2016). Development of an advanced chemical oxidation wastewater treatment system for the batik industry in Malaysia. RSC Advances, 6(30), 25222–25241.

Crini, G., & Lichtfouse, E. (2019). Advantages and disadvantages of techniques used for wastewater treatment. Environmental Chemistry Letters, 17(1), 145–155.

Dalvand, A., Ehrampoush, M. H., Ghaneian, M. T., Mokhtari, M., Ebrahimi, A. A., Ahmadi, R. M., & Mahvi, A. H. (2017). Application of chemical coagulation process for direct dye removal from textile wastewater. Journal of Environmental Health and Sustainable Development, 2(3), 333–339.

Damayanti, I. R., & Ferdiana, F. (2020). The role of online media communication in increasing tourism promotion in bangka regency. KnE Social Sciences, 2020, 910–923.

Galih, V., Putra, V., Purnomosari, E., & Mohamad, J. N. (2020). Developing heat rate and heat capacity measurement instruments of textile waste solution in the textile dyeing process. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Fisika Al-Biruni 9(2), 323-338.

Ghernaout, D., Elboughdiri, N., & Ghareba, S. (2020). Fenton technology for wastewater treatment: Dares and trends. OALib, 07(01), 1–26.

Gilja, V., Novaković, K., Travas-Sejdic, J., Hrnjak-Murgić, Z., Roković, M. K., & Žic, M. (2017). Stability and synergistic effect of polyaniline/TiO2 photocatalysts in degradation of Azo dye in wastewater. Nanomaterials, 7(12), 412.

GilPavas, E., Dobrosz-Gómez, I., & Gómez-García, M. Á. (2017). Coagulation-flocculation sequential with fenton or photo-fenton processes as an alternative for the industrial textile wastewater treatment. Journal of Environmental Management, 191, 189–197.

GilPavas, E., Dobrosz-Gómez, I., & Gómez-García, M. Á. (2018). Optimization of sequential chemical coagulation - electro-oxidation process for the treatment of an industrial textile wastewater. Journal of Water Process Engineering, 22(2), 73–79.

Guo, Y., Xue, Q., Zhang, H., Wang, N., Chang, S., Wang, H., Pang, H., & Chen, H. (2018). Treatment of real benzene dye intermediates wastewater by the Fenton method: Characteristics and multi-response optimization. RSC Advances, 8(1), 80–90.

Gusa, R. F., Sari, D. N., Afriani, F., Sunanda, W., & Tiandho, Y. (2020). Effect of electrode numbers in electrocoagulation of Batik Cual wastewater: Analysis on water quality and energy used. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 599(1), 1-5.

Hassaan, M. A., & Nemr, A. E. (2017). Advanced oxidation processes for textile wastewater treatment. International Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology, 2(5), 85–93.

Khalik, W. F., Ho, L. N., Ong, S. A., Voon, C. H., Wong, Y. S., Yusuf, S. Y., Yusoff, N. A., & Lee, S. L. (2018). Enhancement of simultaneous batik wastewater treatment and electricity generation in photocatalytic fuel cell. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 25(35), 35164–35175.

Khamparia, S., & Jaspal, D. K. (2017). Adsorption in combination with ozonation for the treatment of textile waste water: a critical review. Frontiers of Environmental Science and Engineering, 11(1), 1–18.

Kremer, M. L. (1999). Mechanism of the Fenton reaction. Evidence for a new intermediate. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 1(15), 3595–3605.

Lestari, S., & Windyartini, D. S. (2020). Application of sargassum cinereum and rhizobacteria as biosorbent zn in batik wastewater. Journal of Hunan University (Natural Sciences), 47(11), 15–21.

Liu, S. T., Huang, J., Ye, Y., Zhang, A. B., Pan, L., & Chen, X. G. (2013). Microwave enhanced fenton process for the removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution. Chemical Engineering Journal, 215–216, 586–590.

Malvestiti, J. A., Fagnani, E., Simão, D., & Dantas, R. F. (2019). Optimization of UV/H2O2 and ozone wastewater treatment by the experimental design methodology. Environmental Technology (United Kingdom), 40(15), 1910–1922.

Naje, A. S., Chelliapan, S., Zakaria, Z., Ajeel, M. A., & Alaba, P. A. (2017). A review of electrocoagulation technology for the treatment of textile wastewater. Reviews in Chemical Engineering, 33(3), 263–292.

Nandiyanto, A. B. D., Zaen, R., Oktiani, R., Abdullah, A. G., & Riza, L. S. (2018). A simple, rapid analysis, portable, low-cost, and Arduino-based spectrophotometer with white LED as a light source for analyzing solution concentration. Telkomnika (Telecommunication Computing Electronics and Control), 16(2), 580–585.

Paździor, K., Bilińska, L., & Ledakowicz, S. (2019). A review of the existing and emerging technologies in the combination of AOPs and biological processes in industrial textile wastewater treatment. Chemical Engineering Journal, 375(22), 120597.

Pérez, M., Torrades, F., Domènech, X., & Peral, J. (2002). Fenton and photo-Fenton oxidation of textile effluents. Water Research, 36(11), 2703–2710.

Piaskowski, K., Świderska-Dąbrowska, R., & Zarzycki, P. K. (2018). Dye removal from water and wastewater using various physical, chemical, and biological processes. Journal of AOAC International, 101(5), 1371–1384.

Qin, Q., Liu, Y., Li, X., Sun, T., & Xu, Y. (2018). Enhanced heterogeneous Fenton-like degradation of methylene blue by reduced CuFe2O4. RSC Advances, 8(2), 1071–1077.

Rahmadyanti, E., & Febriyanti, C. P. (2020). Feasibility of constructed wetland using coagulation flocculation technology in batik wastewater treatment. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 21(6), 67–77.

Senthil Kumar, P., Janet Joshiba, G., Femina, C. C., Varshini, P., Priyadharshini, S., Arun Karthick, M. S., & Jothirani, R. (2019). A critical review on recent developments in the low-cost adsorption of dyes from wastewater. Desalination and Water Treatment, 172, 395–416.

Setyaningtyas, T., Riyani, K., Handayani, S. N., & Firdharini, C. (2019). Degradation of Congo Red in batik wastewater using fenton reagent under visible rays. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 509(1), 012027.

Shoukat, R., Khan, S. J., & Jamal, Y. (2019). Hybrid anaerobic-aerobic biological treatment for real textile wastewater. Journal of Water Process Engineering, 29(3), 100804.

Tomohardjo, I. S., Tresnawati, Y., & Yulista, Y. (2018). Communication pattern to develop the spirit of creative economy and local wisdom value in betawi batik craftsmen Terogong Jakarta and cual batik craftsmen Pangkal Pinang Bangka Belitung Island. Proceeding The 1st International Conference on Social Sciences, 1(1), 279–290.

Zhang, H., Li, P., Wang, Z., Cui, W. W., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y., Zheng, S., & Zheng, Y. (2018). Sustainable Disposal of Cr(VI): Adsorption-Reduction Strategy for Treating Textile Wastewaters with Amino-Functionalized Boehmite Hazardous Solid Wastes. ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 6(5), 6811–6819.

Zhang, M. H., Dong, H., Zhao, L., Wang, D. X., & Meng, D. (2019). A review on Fenton process for organic wastewater treatment based on optimization perspective. Science of the Total Environment, 670, 110–121.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License

Jurnal ilmiah pendidikan fisika Al-Biruni is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.