Preventing Islamic Radicalism Through Integrative Epistemology Of Sadrian Philosophy: The Case Study of Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia’s Reasoning

https://doi.org/10.24042/ajsk.v18i2.3674

Fadhlu Rahman, Pia Nuraripah, Rahmatika Layyinah

Abstract


Intolerance and radicalism in Indonesia achieve dangerous staging status. This condition in individual aspects have an influence on the way of view that will tend to be defensive, apologist and pessimistic in religion. This also becomes the initial cause for the birth of social, political and educational implications. HTI (Hizbut-Tahrir Indonesia) is a radical mass organization that is quite influential in Indonesia. The epistemological problem related to the theory of knowledge is one of the important and fundamental factors in the emergence of understanding and various acts of radicalism in HTI, where it only recognizes thinking by relying on factual objects as the only valid knowledge that leads to empiricism and materialism so that it rejects the form of spiritual knowledge that is able to accept diversity in opinion. In addition to these fundamental reasons, Sufism is also often considered to be heretical because it is not committed to the Qur'an and Sunnah. It is thus necessary for an integrative understanding between the three epistemological elements (Textual, spiritual, and rational) as the building blocks of deradicalization in religion as well as a strong commitment to the Qur'an and al-Sunnah. A descriptive analysis of Mulla Sadra's epistemology as a philosopher and Sufi can be one of the cornerstones of criticism as well as a solution to the problem of HTI's radical epistemology. This is reflected in the integration of the three methods (textual, spiritual and rational) which he uses as a way of knowing the nature of things. Thus, the thesis that we can propose is to use Sadra's integrative epistemology in gaining knowledge will avoid an understanding of HTI’s radicalism.


Keywords


Materialistic Empiricism; Integrative Epistemology; HTI; Deradicalization

Full Text:

PDF

References


An-Nabhani, Taqiyuddin. At-Tafkir, translated by Taqiyuddin As-Sibā’I, Bogor: Hizbut Tahrir, 1973.

An-Nabhani, Taqiyuddin. Mafāhim At-Tafkir, translated by Abdullah, Jakarta: Hizbut Tahrir, 2001.

Ali Akbar. “Looking at Ibn Arabi’s Notion of Wahdat al-Wujūd as a Basis for Plular Path to God”. Journal of Islamic Studies and Culture, vol. 4, no. 1 (2016).

Bagir, Haidar. Epistemologi Tasawuf: Sebuah Pengantar. Bandung: Mizan, 2017

Borchert, Donald M. Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Thompson Gale Corporation, 2006

Gama, Cipta Bakti. Filsafat Jiwa: Dialektika Filsafat Islam dan Filsafat Barat Kontemporer. Malang: Pustaka Sophia, 2018

Groff, Peter. S & Leaman, Oliver. Islamic Philosophy A-Z. Edinburg: Edinburg University Press, 2007.

Hanim Nur. “Pendidikan Akhlak: Komparasi Konsep Pendidikan Ibnu Miskawaih dan al-Ghazali”. Ulūmuna, vol. 18, no. 1 (2014).

Ihsanuddin. Jalan Panjang Pemerintah Bubarkan HTI, Kompas, 2018

Irfan, Muhammad dkk. “Psychological Healing in Pakistan: From Sufism to Culturally Adapted Cognitive Behaviour Theraphy”. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy, vol. 47, no. 2 (2017).

Labib, Muhsin. Pemikiran Filsafat Ayatullah M.T. Misbah Yazdi. Jakarta: Sadra Press, 2011.

Kamal, Muhammad. Mulla Sadra’s Trancendent Philosophy. USA: Ashgate, 2006.

Kerwanto, “Pemikiran Filosofis Sadra dalam Tafsīr al-Qur’an al-Karīm: Surah al-A’la”. Khanz Philosophia. vol. 4, no. 2, (2014).

Keskin, Zuleyha. “Inner Peace in Islam”, Australian Journal of Islamic Studies, vol 1. no. 1, (2016).

Khwaja, Azadar Hussain dkk. “Enlightened Message of Sufism Towards Peace and Harmony”. Research Journal of Sufism and Peace Supplementary Edition, vol. 1. no. 1 (2015).

Kiashemshaki, Abulfazel. “Interaksi Filsafat Islam dan Irfan dalam Hikmah Muta’aliyah”. Journal of Kanz Philosophia, vol. 4, no. 1 (2014).

Lufaefi. “Rekontruksi Jargon Formalisasi Syari’at: Upaya Menjaga Persatuan dalam Bingkai Keberagamaan”. Journal of Al-A’raf, vol. 14. no. 1, (2017).

Mufid, Fathul. “Radikalisme Islam dalam Perspektif Epistemologi”. Journal of Addin, vol. 10, no. 1, (2016).

Musyafiq, Ahmad. “Spiritualitas Kaum Fundamentalis”. Journal of Walisongo, vol. 20, no. 1, (2012).

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. The Garden of Truth: The Vision and Promise of Sufism, Islam’s Mystical Tradition. New York: HarperOne, 2007.

-------. History of Islamic Philosophy. New York: Routledge, 1996.

-------. In Search of the Sacred. Colorado: Praeger, 2010.

-------. Knowledge and the Sacred. New York: State University of New York Press, 1989.

Nawab, Mohamed & Mohamed Osman. Reviving the Caliphate in the Nusantara: Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia’s Mobilization Strategy and Its Impact in Indonesia. Singapura: Nanyang Technological University, 2009.

PPIM (Pusat Pengkajian Islam dan Masyarakat). Survey Nasional tentang Sikap keberagamaan di Sekolah dan Universitas di Indonesia. Jakarta: PPIM UIN Jakarta, 2017.

Rahman, Fazlur. Islam and Modernity. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1962.

Rifa’I, Abd al-Jabbar. Mabadi al-Falsafah al-Islāmiyah. Beirut: Dar al-Hadi, 2001.

Shirazi, Sadr al-Muta’alihin. Al-Hikmah al-Muta'aliyah fī al-Asfar al-'Aqliyyah al-Arba'ah. Beirut: Dar Ihya' al-Turath al-'Arabi, 1981.

-------. Al-Syawahid al-Rububiyyah. Markaz-e Nashr-e Daneshgahi (Academic Publishing Center), 1401 H.

-------. Tafsīr al-Qur’an al-Karīm. Qum: Bidar Publisher, 1987.

-------. Masyā’ir. Tehran: Tahouri Publisher, 1984.

-------. Mazāhir al-Ilāhiyyah fī al-Asrar al-Ulūm al-Kamāliyyah. Tehran: Sadra Foundation of Islamic Philosophy, 1999.

Sina, Abu Ali. Al-Isyārat wa al-Tanbihāt. Qum: Nashr al-Balaghah, 1996.

-------. Al-Syifa. Qom: Ayatollah Mar’ashi Najafi Library, 1984.

Tahrir, Hizbut. Min Muqawwamat Nafsiyah al-Islāmiyah. Beirut: Dar al-Ammah, 2004.

Thabātabā’I, Husain Muhammad. Bidāyah al-Hikmah. Qom: Dar al-Fikr, 1387 H.

Tibi, Bassam, Islamism and Islam. London: Yale University Press, 2012.

Yazdi, Taqi Misbah. Philosophical Instruction: An Introduction to Contemporary Islamic Philosophy. New York: Global Publication, 1999.

Yunanto, Sri, & Damayanti, Anggel, The Root and Causes of Nexus Militant Islamic Movements in Indonesia: Case Studies of Darul Islam and Jemaah Islamiyah. Asia Pacific Studies, vol. 1. no. 1, (2017).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24042/ajsk.v18i2.3674

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 269 | PDF downloads : 120

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Analisis: Jurnal Studi Keislaman

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

ANALISIS: Jurnal Studi Keislaman [p-ISSN: 2088-9046, e-ISSN:2502-3969] published by Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung.

Office: Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung. Jl. Letkol H. Endro Suratmin, Sukarame, Bandar Lampung, Lampung, INDONESIA, KP. 34513. Website: http://ejournal.radenintan.ac.id/index.php/analisis, email: analisis@radenintan.ac.id